fracture

See also: fracturé

EnglishEdit

 
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Fracture of an aluminum crank arm of a bicycle, where Bright= brittle fracture, Dark= fatigue fracture.
 
Compare healthy bone with different types of fractures:
   (a) closed fracture
   (b) open fracture
   (c) transverse fracture
   (d) spiral fracture
   (e) comminuted fracture
   (f) impacted fracture
   (g) greenstick fracture
   (h) oblique fracture

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French fracture, from Latin fractūra (a breach, fracture, cleft), from frangere (to break), past participle fractus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-, from whence also English break. See fraction. Doublet of fraktur.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹæk.tʃə/, /ˈfɹæk.tjə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

fracture (plural fractures)

  1. An instance of breaking, a place where something has broken.
  2. (medicine) A break in bone or cartilage.
  3. (geology) A fault or crack in a rock.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

fracture (third-person singular simple present fractures, present participle fracturing, simple past and past participle fractured)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To break, or cause something to break.
  2. (transitive, slang) To amuse (a person) greatly; to split someone's sides.
    • 2013, Frank De Blase, Pine Box for a Pin-Up:
      “You fracture me, Frankie,” Patsy said. “You should take that act on the road. Howsabout now?” This is the way it would go whenever I showed up at Patsy's, a dual of digs and wisecracks with the disapproving groans of those within earshot.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French fracture, from late Old French fracture, borrowed from Latin fractūra. Compare the inherited Old French fraiture, and the frainture (influenced by fraindre).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fracture f (plural fractures)

  1. fracture

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Romanian: fractură

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

ParticipleEdit

frāctūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of frāctūrus

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

fracture

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fracturar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fracturar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fracturar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fracturar.