English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin fundamentālis, from Latin fundamentum (foundation), from fundō (to lay the foundation (of something), to found), from fundus (bottom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Noun edit

fundamental (plural fundamentals)

  1. (usually in the plural) A main or major principle, rule, law, etc. which serves as the foundation or basis of a system; an essential part
    one of the fundamentals of linear algebra
    • 1722, John Locke, The Works of John Locke ...: With Alphabetical Tables ..., page 572:
      When any one offers me a compleat Catalogue of his Fundamentals, he does not unreaſonably demand me to quit mine for nothing []
    • 1928, Franklin D. Roosevelt, The Happy Warrior Alfred E. Smith[1], Houghton Mifflin, →OCLC, →OL, page 28:
      Personal leadership is a fundamental of successful government.
  2. (physics) The lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
  3. (music) The lowest partial of a complex tone.

Translations edit

Adjective edit

fundamental (comparative more fundamental, superlative most fundamental)

  1. Related to a foundation, base, or basis; serving as a foundation.
  2. Essential; extremely important.
    Synonym: elementary
    a fundamental truth;   a fundamental axiom;   a fundamental element;   fundamental principle;   fundamental law
    A need for belonging seems fundamental to humans.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. […]  But the scandals kept coming, […]. A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From fundament +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fɔndaməntaːl/, [fɔnd̥amənˈtˢæːˀl]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

fundamental

  1. basic, fundamental

Inflection edit

Inflection of fundamental
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular fundamental 2
Indefinite neuter singular fundamentalt 2
Plural fundamentale 2
Definite attributive1 fundamentale
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin fundāmentālis. By surface analysis, fundamento +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fundamenˈtal/ [fun̪.d̪a.mẽn̪ˈt̪ɑɫ]
  • IPA(key): /fundamɛnˈtal/ [fun̪.d̪a.mɛ̃n̪ˈt̪ɑɫ]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

fundamental m or f (plural fundamentais)

  1. fundamental

Further reading edit

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin fundāmentālis. By surface analysis, Fundament +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fʊndamɛnˈtaːl/
  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal
  • (file)

Adjective edit

fundamental (strong nominative masculine singular fundamentaler, comparative fundamentaler, superlative am fundamentalsten)

  1. fundamental
    Synonym: grundlegend

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Latin fundamentalis.

Adjective edit

fundamental (masculine and feminine fundamental, neuter fundamentalt, definite singular and plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental, basic

Related terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Latin fundamentalis.

Adjective edit

fundamental (neuter fundamentalt, definite singular and plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental, basic

Related terms edit

References edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin fundāmentālis.

Pronunciation edit

 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /fũ.dɐ.mẽˈtal/ [fũ.dɐ.mẽˈtaɫ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /fũ.dɐ.mẽˈta.li/

  • Hyphenation: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

fundamental m or f (plural fundamentais)

  1. fundamental; essential (pertaining to the basic part or notion of something)
    Synonyms: essencial, básico

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French fondamental, from Latin fundamentalis. Equivalent to fundament +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

fundamental m or n (feminine singular fundamentală, masculine plural fundamentali, feminine and neuter plural fundamentale)

  1. fundamental

Declension edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin fundāmentālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fundamenˈtal/ [fũn̪.d̪a.mẽn̪ˈt̪al]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: fun‧da‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

fundamental m or f (masculine and feminine plural fundamentales)

  1. fundamental

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Adjective edit

fundamental (not comparable)

  1. fundamental

Declension edit

Inflection of fundamental
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fundamental
Neuter singular fundamentalt
Plural fundamentala
Masculine plural3 fundamentale
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 fundamentale
All fundamentala
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

References edit