Contents

CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

fundo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of fundar

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfundo/
  • Hyphenation: fun‧do

NounEdit

fundo ‎(accusative singular fundon, plural fundoj, accusative plural fundojn)

  1. bottom

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

fundo

  1. rōmaji reading of ふんど

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *hundō (with fūsus for *fussus after fūdī), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰewd-. The change h- > f- is irregular. Cognates include Ancient Greek χέω ‎(khéō) and Old English ġēotan.

VerbEdit

fundō ‎(present infinitive fundere, perfect active fūdī, supine fūsum); third conjugation, limited passive

  1. (transitive) I pour out, shed
  2. (military) I rout, scatter
  3. (transitive) I found, make by smelting
  4. (transitive, figuratively) I moisten, wet
  5. (transitive) I extend, spread out
  6. (transitive) I utter
InflectionEdit
   Conjugation of fundo (third conjugation, only third-person forms in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundō fundis fundit fundimus funditis fundunt
imperfect fundēbam fundēbās fundēbat fundēbāmus fundēbātis fundēbant
future fundam fundēs fundet fundēmus fundētis fundent
perfect fūdī fūdistī fūdit fūdimus fūdistis fūdērunt, fūdēre
pluperfect fūderam fūderās fūderat fūderāmus fūderātis fūderant
future perfect fūderō fūderis fūderit fūderimus fūderitis fūderint
passive present funditur funduntur
imperfect fundēbātur fundēbantur
future fundētur fundentur
perfect fūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect fūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect fūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundam fundās fundat fundāmus fundātis fundant
imperfect funderem funderēs funderet funderēmus funderētis funderent
perfect fūderim fūderīs fūderit fūderīmus fūderītis fūderint
pluperfect fūdissem fūdissēs fūdisset fūdissēmus fūdissētis fūdissent
passive present fundātur fundantur
imperfect funderētur funderentur
perfect fūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect fūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present funde fundite
future funditō funditō funditōte funduntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fundere fūdisse fūsūrus esse fundī fūsus esse fūsum īrī
participles fundēns fūsūrus fūsus fundendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
fundere fundendī fundendō fundendum fūsum fūsū
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • fundo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fundo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fundo in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the earth brings forth fruit abundantly: terra fundit fruges
    • to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
    • property in land; real property: fundi
    • to rout the enemy's forces: fundere hostium copias
    • to utterly rout the enemy: caedere et fundere hostem
    • to utterly rout the enemy: fundere et fugare hostem
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press

Etymology 2Edit

From fundus ‎(bottom, lowest point).

NounEdit

fundo

  1. ablative singular of fundus
  2. dative singular of fundus

VerbEdit

fundō ‎(present infinitive fundāre, perfect active fundāvī, supine fundātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I found, establish, lay the foundation
  2. (transitive, figuratively) I secure, make firm
InflectionEdit
   Conjugation of fundo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundō fundās fundat fundāmus fundātis fundant
imperfect fundābam fundābās fundābat fundābāmus fundābātis fundābant
future fundābō fundābis fundābit fundābimus fundābitis fundābunt
perfect fundāvī fundāvistī fundāvit fundāvimus fundāvistis fundāvērunt, fundāvēre
pluperfect fundāveram fundāverās fundāverat fundāverāmus fundāverātis fundāverant
future perfect fundāverō fundāveris fundāverit fundāverimus fundāveritis fundāverint
passive present fundor fundāris, fundāre fundātur fundāmur fundāminī fundantur
imperfect fundābar fundābāris, fundābāre fundābātur fundābāmur fundābāminī fundābantur
future fundābor fundāberis, fundābere fundābitur fundābimur fundābiminī fundābuntur
perfect fundātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect fundātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect fundātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundem fundēs fundet fundēmus fundētis fundent
imperfect fundārem fundārēs fundāret fundārēmus fundārētis fundārent
perfect fundāverim fundāverīs fundāverit fundāverīmus fundāverītis fundāverint
pluperfect fundāvissem fundāvissēs fundāvisset fundāvissēmus fundāvissētis fundāvissent
passive present funder fundēris, fundēre fundētur fundēmur fundēminī fundentur
imperfect fundārer fundārēris, fundārēre fundārētur fundārēmur fundārēminī fundārentur
perfect fundātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect fundātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fundā fundāte
future fundātō fundātō fundātōte fundantō
passive present fundāre fundāminī
future fundātor fundātor fundantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fundāre fundāvisse fundātūrus esse fundārī fundātus esse fundātum īrī
participles fundāns fundātūrus fundātus fundandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
fundāre fundandī fundandō fundandum fundātum fundātū
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese fundo, fondo, from Latin fundus ‎(bottom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ-mn.

AdjectiveEdit

fundo m ‎(feminine singular funda, masculine plural fundos, feminine plural fundas, comparable)

  1. deep (having its bottom far down).
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

fundo m (plural fundos)

  1. bottom
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin fundō ‎(I found, I establish).

VerbEdit

fundo

  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of fundar (I establish)

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin fundō ‎(I smelt).

VerbEdit

fundo

  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of fundir (I smelt, I merge)

SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin fundus.

NounEdit

fundo m ‎(plural fundos)

  1. country estate, farm

Etymology 2Edit

See fundar.

VerbEdit

fundo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of fundar.

Etymology 3Edit

See fundir.

VerbEdit

fundo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of fundir.

SwahiliEdit

fundo

NounEdit

fundo (needs class)

  1. knot (looping)


This Swahili entry was created from the translations listed at knot. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see fundo in the Swahili Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) July 2009

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