IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gairm, from Proto-Celtic *garrman, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r̥-smn̥, from *ǵeh₂r- (to shout, cry); see gair for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gairm f (genitive singular as substantive gairme, genitive as verbal noun gairthe, nominative plural gairmeacha)

  1. verbal noun of gair
  2. call
    1. summons
    2. name, title
    3. inaugural proclamation
  3. calling
    1. divine call, vocation
      Synonym: gairm ó Dhia
    2. profession, occupation
  4. acclaim

DeclensionEdit

(as verbal noun):

(as substantive):

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

gairm (present analytic gairmeann, future analytic gairmfidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairmthe)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of gair (call; invoke; acclaim)
ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gairm ghairm ngairm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gairm, from Proto-Celtic *garrman, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r̥-smn̥, from *ǵeh₂r- (to shout, cry).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gairm (past ghairm, future gairmidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairmte)

  1. call, cry
  2. crow (cock, etc.)
  3. declare (war, ceasefire, etc.)
  4. draft (into armed forces)

NounEdit

gairm f (genitive singular gairme, plural gairmean or gairmeannan)

  1. verbal noun of gairm
  2. cry, call
  3. crow (cock's)
  4. proclamation
    Synonym: glaodhadh

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gairm ghairm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • gairm” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • gairm”, in Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors, eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, 2019