See also: Gallus

LatinEdit

 
gallus (rooster)

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From *galso-, enlargement of *gl̥s-o-, zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *gols-o- (compare Proto-Balto-Slavic *galsas (voice), Proto-Germanic *kalzōną (to call), Albanian gjuhë (tongue; language), and perhaps Welsh galw (call)).

NounEdit

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. a cock, rooster
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gallus gallī
Genitive gallī gallōrum
Dative gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallōs
Ablative gallō gallīs
Vocative galle gallī
Usage notesEdit

The term gallus is inherently masculine and refers to a "rooster"/"cock" (male chicken). The term gallīna is used for a "hen" (female chicken). The term pullus refers to a "chicken" without specifying the sex of the animal, although it often refers to a "chick".

Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Likely derived from Proto-Celtic *galnati (to be able).[1] See also Ancient Greek Γαλάτης (Galátēs) and Κελτός (Keltós), which might be from the same source.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gallus m (genitive gallī, feminine galla); second declension

  1. a Gaul, an inhabitant of Gaul
  2. a Galatian
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gallus gallī
Genitive gallī gallōrum
Dative gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallōs
Ablative gallō gallīs
Vocative galle gallī

AdjectiveEdit

gallus (feminine galla, neuter gallum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Gallic
  2. Galatian
DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative gallus galla gallum gallī gallae galla
Genitive gallī gallae gallī gallōrum gallārum gallōrum
Dative gallō gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallam gallum gallōs gallās galla
Ablative gallō gallā gallō gallīs
Vocative galle galla gallum gallī gallae galla

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek γάλλος (gállos). Considered by some ancient and modern authorities to derive from the river Gallus, due to the notion that "its water made those who drank of it mad".[2][3] A connection to the similar Sumerian priests of Inanna called gala has been suggested, but evidence is lacking.[4]

NounEdit

gallus m (genitive gallī); second declension

  1. one of the priests of Cybele in Phrygia and Rome who wore feminine clothes and typically castrated themselves
Usage notesEdit
  • Some writers, such as Catallus, use the feminine singular galla (and/or feminine plural gallae) instead.
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gallus gallī
Genitive gallī gallōrum
Dative gallō gallīs
Accusative gallum gallōs
Ablative gallō gallīs
Vocative galle gallī

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 149
  2. ^ http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0064:entry=gallus-geo
  3. ^ Maarten Jozef Vermaseren, Eugene N. Lane, Cybelle, Attis and related cults: essays in memory of M. J. Vermaseren (1996, BRILL, →ISBN), page 123-130
  4. ^ Philippe Borgeaud, Mother of the Gods: From Cybele to the Virgin Mary (2004), page 48
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gallus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gallus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gallus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gallus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • gallus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gallus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gallus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

ScotsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A corruption of gallows, used attributively.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gallus (comparative mair gallus, superlative maist gallus)

  1. daring; confident; cheeky.
  2. (obsolete) fit to be hanged; wicked; mischievous
    • 1848, Benjamin A. Baker, A Glance at New York:
      Look, what a gallus walk she's got! I've strong suspicions I'll have to get slung to her one of these days.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses:
      ’Twas murmur we did for a gallus potion would rouse a friar, I’m thinking, and he limp from leching.