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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the adjective gatavs (ready) (q.v.), made into a regular 2nd-conjugation verb.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

gatavot tr., 2nd conj., pres. gatavoju, gatavo, gatavo, past gatavoju

  1. to prepare, to produce, to build, to make (to act so that something reaches a state desired or necessary for some use, some task, etc.)
    gatavot aparātusto prepare, to build engines, machines
    gatavot no māliem ķieģelusto prepare, to produce bricks with clay
    gatavot ķīmisku vielu maisījumuto prepare a mixture of chemicals
    gatavot zālesto prepare medicine
    pēc mākslinieku zīmējumiem fabrikas meistari gatavoja porcelāna izstrādājumusthe factory specialists prepared, produced the porcelain products according to the artist's drawings
  2. to prepare, to cook (to make food ready for consumption)
    gatavot pudiņuto prepare, to make a pudding
    gatavot brokastis, pusdienas, vakariņasto prepare, to cook breakfast, lunch, dinner
    ēdienus gatavoja divas saimnieces no Klidziņas klubatwo ladies from the Klidziņa club prepared, cooked the food
    biešu salātus var gatavot arī ar kartupeļiemone can prepare beet salad also with potatoes
  3. to prepare (to make ready for use)
    divas istabas tika gatavotas viesu uzņemšanaitwo rooms were prepared to receive guests
  4. (of texts, events) to prepare (to create, to organize)
    gatavot rakstu krājumuto prepare a collection of articles
    gatavot reportāžu, izrādito prepare a report, a show
    gatavot stunduto prepare a lesson (for the teacher, to prepare for teaching it; for the student, to learn it)
    Ozols gatavoja pārskatu par savu darbu pagastāOzols prepared a report, an overview of his work in the parish
    un tad viņi ieraudzīja to ilgi gatavoto jokuand then they saw that long-prepared joke
    bērni gatavo skolas uzdevumusthe children are preparing, doing the school exercises
  5. to prepare (to teach, to train someone, usually for a specific occupation)
    gatavot ārstusto prepare, to train doctors
    institūtā gatavo svešvalodu speciālistusin the institute they prepare foreign language specialists

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

(of "cook (food)"): cept, vārīt

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “gatavs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN