See also: Gent

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Short for gentleman.

Noun edit

gent (plural gents)

  1. (colloquial) A gentleman.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English gent, from Old French gent, ultimately from Latin genitum (born).

Adjective edit

gent (comparative more gent, superlative most gent)

  1. (obsolete) Noble; well-bred, courteous; graceful.
  2. (obsolete) neat; pretty; elegant

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

gent (uncountable)

  1. (medicine, colloquial) Short for gentamicin.

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Catalan gent, from Latin gentem, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gent f (uncountable)

  1. people, folk
    bona gentgood people

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French gent, from Latin gentem. Cf. gens.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gent f (plural gens)

  1. (archaic) people, nation
    gent fémininewomen, womankind
    gent masculinemen
    gent mercantilemerchants
    gent moutonnièresheep (people who blindly follow others)
  2. (archaic) race, species (of animals)
    gent aviairebirds
    gent caninecanines
    gent félinefelines
    gent marécageuseamphibians, marsh-dwellers
    gent trotte-menurodents
    gent volaillepoultry
  3. (archaic) tribe
  4. company, those who are in accompaniment

Adjective edit

gent (feminine gente, masculine plural gents, feminine plural gentes)

  1. (archaic or humorous) nice, pleasant, or noble, speaking of a person or thing

Further reading edit

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From earlier Ganda; if from Celtic, possibly from Proto-Celtic *kom-dati (confluence), from Proto-Indo-European *kom-dʰh₁-ti- (confluence), equivalent to *ḱóm + *dʰeh₁- (similar to the town Condivincum); or related to the Celtic goddess Gontia.[1] The name could otherwise be of non-Indo-European origin.[2]

Noun edit

gent ?

  1. Ghent (a city in modern Belgium)

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

  • Dutch: Gent

References edit

  1. ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006, p. 144
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “Ghent”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Further reading edit

  • “ghent”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[1], 2000

Middle English edit

gent

  1. noble; well-bred, courteous; graceful

Old French edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (early) /ˈd͡ʒɛ̃nt/
  • IPA(key): (late) /ˈʒãnt/

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin gentem, accusative singular of gēns. The nominative singular descends from a regularized form: oblique stem gent- and 3rd declension nominative -is.

Noun edit

gent oblique singularf (oblique plural genz or gentz, nominative singular gent, nominative plural genz or gentz)

  1. people, population
    la Franceise gent - the French people
Descendants edit
  • French: gens m pl
  • Norman: gens m pl
  • Walloon: djin m pl

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin genitus (begotten), perfect passive participle of gignō.

Adjective edit

gent m (oblique and nominative feminine singular gente)

  1. fair, beautiful, handsome
  2. brave and beautiful
  3. polite
    Synonym: gentil
Usage notes edit

The Dictionnaire Étymologique de l'Ancien Français points out the difficulty of translating this word into modern languages. The adjective describes an ideal person in a given context: brave warriors in chansons de geste, loyal good men in tales of courtly love, polite people in all occasions, who are always handsome or beautiful. It also notes the meaning 'well-born, aristocratic', mentioned in some dictionaries of Old French, is extremely rarely attested.

Declension edit
Related terms edit

Swedish edit

Adjective edit

gent

  1. indefinite neuter singular of gen

Yola edit

Noun edit

gent

  1. Alternative form of geint

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 41