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GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ginuog, from Proto-Germanic *ganōgaz. Cognate with Dutch genoeg, Low German noog, English enough, West Frisian genôch, Danish nok, Swedish nog. The Proto-Germanic word is a compound of the prefix *ga- + unreflexed *nōgaz. The latter is derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₂nóḱe (to reach, achieve, carry out), a form of *h₂neḱ-.[1]

Further Indo-European cognates: Latin nancisci (to get, to abtain), Slovene nesti (to carry), Albanian kënaq (to satisfy)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡəˈnuːk/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ɡəˈnʊx/ (in northern and central Germany; chiefly colloquial)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːk

DeterminerEdit

genug

  1. (invariable) enough, sufficient, an adequate number or amount of
    Wir haben nicht genug Geld.
    We don't have enough money.

Usage notesEdit

  • Genug can never follow an article or another determiner. Moreover, it is commonly used after the referent for emphasis: Die haben Geld genug! (“They have money enough!”)

PronounEdit

genug

  1. (invariable) enough, an adequate number or amount
    Das ist genug.
    That's enough.

Usage notesEdit

  • Genug can be followed and preceded by a genitive as in genug der Worte, rarer der Worte genug.

AdverbEdit

genug

  1. enough, sufficiently, in an adequate way
    Die Kinder haben genug gespielt.
    The children have played enough.
    Das Zimmer ist groß genug.
    The room is big enough.

Usage notesEdit

  • In colloquial German, the adverb (but not the determiner) can be declined in expressions like: ein groß genuges Zimmer (a big enough room). In the standard language proper, ausreichend will be used instead, which precedes the adjective: ein ausreichend großes Zimmer.

InterjectionEdit

genug!

  1. enough!
    Genug! Hör auf mit diesem Unsinn!Enough! Quit this nonsense!

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press