From Middle English glory, glorie, from Old French glorie (“glory”), from Latin glōria (“glory, fame, renown, praise, ambition, boasting”), from Proto-Indo-European *glōs-, *gals-, *galos- (“voice, cry”). Cognate with Old English ceallian (“to cry out, shout, call”). More at call.
glory (countable and uncountable, plural glories)
- Great beauty or splendour, that is so overwhelming it is considered powerful.
1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, […], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
2014 June 14, “It's a gas”, in The Economist, volume 411, number 8891:
- One of the hidden glories of Victorian engineering is proper drains. Isolating a city’s effluent and shipping it away in underground sewers has probably saved more lives than any medical procedure except vaccination.
- Honour, admiration, or distinction, accorded by common consent to a person or thing; high reputation; renown.
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 2, Canto 1, p. 197,
- In this faire wize they traueild long yfere,
- Through many hard assayes, which did betide;
- Of which he honour still away did beare,
- And spred his glorie through all countries wide.
- That quality in a person or thing which secures general praise or honour.
- 1590, Philip Sidney, The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, “The First Eclogues,” [p. 92b],
- Deeme it no gloire [sic] to swell in tyrannie.
- c. 1608, William Shakespeare, Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Act II, Scene 2,
- As jewels lose their glory if neglected,
- So princes their renowns if not respected.
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 4, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- Then he commenced to talk, really talk. and inside of two flaps of a herring's fin he had me mesmerized, like Eben Holt's boy at the town hall show. He talked about the ills of humanity, and the glories of health and Nature and service and land knows what all.
- Worship or praise.
- An optical phenomenon caused by water droplets, consisting of concentric rings and somewhat similar to a rainbow.
- Victory; success.
2012 May 13, Alistair Magowan, “Sunderland 0-1 Man Utd”, in BBC Sport:
- But, with United fans in celebratory mood as it appeared their team might snatch glory, they faced an anxious wait as City equalised in stoppage time.
- An emanation of light supposed to shine from beings that are specially holy. It is represented in art by rays of gold, or the like, proceeding from the head or body, or by a disk, or a mere line.
- 1854, Charles Dickens, Hard Times, Chapter 13,
- Seen across the dim candle with his moistened eyes, she looked as if she had a glory shining round her head.
- (obsolete) Pride; boastfulness; arrogance.
- c. 1624, George Chapman (translator), The Crowne of all Homers Workes Batrachomyomachia or the Battaile of Frogs and Mise, His Hymn’s and Epigrams, London: John Bill, “A Hymne to Venus,” p. 106,
- […] But if thou declare
- The Secrets, truth; and art so mad to dare
- (In glory of thy fortunes) to approue,
- That rich-crownd Venus, mixt with thee in loue;
- Ioue (fir’d with my aspersion, so dispred)
- Will, with a wreakefull lightning, dart thee dead.
- (emanation of light proceeding from specially holy beings): halo
terms related to glory (noun)
great beauty or splendour
- Arabic: مَجْد m (majd)
- Armenian: փառք (hy) (pʿaṙkʿ), շքեղություն (hy) (škʿełutʿyun)
- Belarusian: сла́ва f (sláva)
- Bulgarian: великоле́пие (bg) n (velikolépie)
- Catalan: glòria (ca) f
- Mandarin: 榮耀 (zh), 荣耀 (zh) (róngyào), 光榮 (zh), 光荣 (zh) (guāngróng), 榮譽 (zh), 荣誉 (zh) (róngyù)
- Czech: sláva (cs) f
- Danish: pragt c
- Dutch: glorie (nl) f, luister (nl) m, pracht (nl) m, f
- Esperanto: gloro
- Finnish: loisto (fi)
- French: gloire (fr) f
- German: Pracht (de) f, Herrlichkeit (de) f, Prunk (de) m, Gepränge (de) n
- Greek: λαμπρότητα (el) (lamprótita), μεγαλείο (el) n (megaleío)
- Hebrew: הָדָר (he) m (hadár)
- Hindi: यश (hi) m (yaś)
- Italian: gloria (it) f
- Japanese: 栄光 (ja) (えいこう, eikō), 誉れ (ほまれ, homare)
- Korean: 영광 (ko) (yeonggwang)
- Latin: lux (la) f
honour and valour
- Japanese: 名声 (ja) (めいせい, meisei), 名誉 (ja) (めいよ, meiyo), 誉れ (ほまれ, homare)
- Korean: 명예 (ko) (myeong-ye)
- Latvian: slava (lv) f
- Middle English: please add this translation if you can
- Norwegian: glorie m, ære (no) c
- Old English: ār
- Polish: chwała (pl) f, sława (pl) f
- Portuguese: glória (pt) f
- Romanian: glorie (ro) f, slavă (ro) f
- Russian: сла́ва (ru) f (sláva), честь (ru) f (čestʹ), хвала́ (ru) f (xvalá)
- Scottish Gaelic: glòir f, cliù m
- Slovak: sláva f
- Slovene: slava (sl) f
- Ukrainian: сла́ва (uk) f (sláva), честь f (čestʹ)
- Vietnamese: vinh quang (vi)
- West Frisian: eare
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
glory (third-person singular simple present glories, present participle glorying, simple past and past participle gloried)
- To exult with joy; to rejoice.
- 1753, James Hervey, "A Visitation Sermon: Preached at Northampton, May 10, 1753":
- In what the Apostle did glory?—He gloried in a Cross. ... [T]o the Ear of a Galatian, it conveyed much the same Meaning, as if the Apostle had gloried in a Halter; gloried in the Gallows; gloried in a Gibbet.
- 1891: Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d'Urbervilles
- He says he glories in what happened, and that good may be done indirectly; but I wish he would not so wear himself out now he is getting old, and would leave such pigs to their wallowing.
- 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Lectures 4 & 5:
- When the passion is extreme, suffering may actually be gloried in, provided it be for the ideal cause, death may lose its sting, the grave its victory.
- To boast; to be proud.
- 1881, Revised Version, 2 Corinthians 7:14:
- For if in anything I have gloried to him on your behalf, I was not put to shame; but as we spake all things to you in truth, so our glorying also, which I made before Titus, was found to be truth.
- (archaic, poetic) To shine radiantly.
- 1859–85, Alfred Tennyson, Idylls of the King, "The Last Tournament":
- Down in a casement sat,
- A low sea-sunset glorying round her hair
- And glossy-throated grace, Isolt the Queen.
to exult with joy; to rejoice