See also: Hamburger

English edit

 
a hamburger patty

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Shortening of Hamburger sandwich, Hamburger steak, etc.; or, less likely, borrowed from German Hamburger (native of Hamburg), equivalent to Hamburg +‎ -er. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhæmˌbɜː.ɡə/, /ˈhæm.bə.ɡə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhæmˌbɝ.ɡɚ/, /ˈhæm.bɚ.ɡɚ/
  • (file)

Noun edit

hamburger (countable and uncountable, plural hamburgers)

  1. A hot sandwich consisting of a patty of cooked ground beef or a meat substitute, in a sliced bun, sometimes also containing salad vegetables, condiments, or both.
  2. The patty used in such a sandwich.
  3. (uncountable) Ground beef, especially that intended to be made into hamburgers.
  4. (US, colloquial, somewhat crude) An animal or human, or the flesh thereof, that has been badly injured as a result of an accident or conflict.
    The truck hit the deer and turned it into hamburger.
    I'm going to make you into hamburger if you do that again.
  5. (graphical user interface) Short for hamburger button.
    Coordinate terms: meatball, kebab, hamburger, bento
  6. (US, education, informal) Describing the shape of a rectangular piece of paper folded in half so that it forms a short rectangle.
    Coordinate term: hot dog

Synonyms edit

Hypernyms edit

Hyponyms edit

(sandwich, patty):

Coordinate terms edit

(sandwich, patty):

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Translations edit

See also edit

  • 🍔 (hamburger emoji)

Verb edit

hamburger (third-person singular simple present hamburgers, present participle hamburgering, simple past and past participle hamburgered)

  1. To badly injure or damage.
    • 1944, C. G. Morris, Hugh B. Cave, “The Fightin’est Ship”: The Story of the Cruiser “Helena”, New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead & Company, page 62:
      The men played baseball on coral diamonds that tore their shoes and clothes and hamburgered their hands.
    • 1981, John Nichols, The Nirvana Blues, New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company, →ISBN, page 283:
      And his tires triggered no Claymore mines or Bouncing Betties that might have hamburgered his vehicle with him in it.
    • 1994, Beatrice Sparks (falsely indicated as editor), It Happened to Nancy: By an Anonymous Teenager, a True Story from Her Diary, Avon Books, published 2005, →ISBN, page 133:
      My tears are like gagged pieces of ice cutting up my eyeballs and hamburgering my face.
    • 2014, Shannon Galpin, Mountain to Mountain: A Journey of Adventure and Activism for the Women of Afghanistan, New York, N.Y.: St. Martin’s Press, →ISBN, page 47:
      It’s a trail that has taken more than its fair share of blood, my first flat tire, and hamburgered my entire forearm on a descent.
    • 2019, Christopher McDougall, Running with Sherman: The Donkey with the Heart of a Hero, New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, page 51:
      Ken broke three fingers and hamburgered his legs, but he still got to his feet, chased down his burro, and continued on to the finish line.
    • 2020, Lynn Stansbury, Crossing the Divide, Bloomington, Ind.: iUniverse:
      Why they didn’t both break their necks or get hamburgered by cloven hooves was a mystery.

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hamburger m inan

  1. hamburger (a hot sandwich consisting of a patty of cooked ground beef, in a sliced bun, sometimes also containing salad vegetables, condiments, or both)
    Synonym: hambáč

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • hamburger in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl
 
Deze hamburger is lekker!
This hamburger is tasty!

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ham‧bur‧ger

Noun edit

hamburger m (plural hamburgers, diminutive hamburgertje n)

  1. hamburger

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From English hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑm(ˌ)b̥urɡ̊er/, [ˈ(h)ɑm(ˌ)b̥urɡ̊er]
  • Rhymes: -urɡer
  • Hyphenation: ham‧bur‧ger

Noun edit

hamburger (genitive hamburgeri, partitive hamburgerit or hamburgeri)

  1. hamburger
    Synonyms: burger, (colloquial) burks
  2. (colloquial) a sign resembling a multi-layered bun, under which a web page menu opens

Declension edit

Declension of hamburger (ÕS type 2/õpik, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative hamburger hamburgerid
accusative nom.
gen. hamburgeri
genitive hamburgerite
partitive hamburgerit hamburgereid
illative hamburgerisse hamburgeritesse
hamburgereisse
inessive hamburgeris hamburgerites
hamburgereis
elative hamburgerist hamburgeritest
hamburgereist
allative hamburgerile hamburgeritele
hamburgereile
adessive hamburgeril hamburgeritel
hamburgereil
ablative hamburgerilt hamburgeritelt
hamburgereilt
translative hamburgeriks hamburgeriteks
hamburgereiks
terminative hamburgerini hamburgeriteni
essive hamburgerina hamburgeritena
abessive hamburgerita hamburgeriteta
comitative hamburgeriga hamburgeritega
Declension of hamburger (ÕS type 19/seminar, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative hamburger hamburgerid
accusative nom.
gen. hamburgeri
genitive hamburgeride
partitive hamburgeri hamburgere
hamburgerisid
illative hamburgeri
hamburgerisse
hamburgeridesse
hamburgeresse
inessive hamburgeris hamburgerides
hamburgeres
elative hamburgerist hamburgeridest
hamburgerest
allative hamburgerile hamburgeridele
hamburgerele
adessive hamburgeril hamburgeridel
hamburgerel
ablative hamburgerilt hamburgeridelt
hamburgerelt
translative hamburgeriks hamburgerideks
hamburgereks
terminative hamburgerini hamburgerideni
essive hamburgerina hamburgeridena
abessive hamburgerita hamburgerideta
comitative hamburgeriga hamburgeridega

References edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From English hamburger, from German Hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hamburger m (plural hamburgers)

  1. hamburger
    Synonym: hambourgeois

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

 hamburger on Hungarian Wikipedia
 
hamburger

Etymology edit

From English hamburger.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒmburɡɛr]
  • Hyphenation: ham‧bur‧ger
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Noun edit

hamburger (plural hamburgerek)

  1. hamburger (hot sandwich)
    Synonym: (clipping) hambi

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative hamburger hamburgerek
accusative hamburgert hamburgereket
dative hamburgernek hamburgereknek
instrumental hamburgerrel hamburgerekkel
causal-final hamburgerért hamburgerekért
translative hamburgerré hamburgerekké
terminative hamburgerig hamburgerekig
essive-formal hamburgerként hamburgerekként
essive-modal
inessive hamburgerben hamburgerekben
superessive hamburgeren hamburgereken
adessive hamburgernél hamburgereknél
illative hamburgerbe hamburgerekbe
sublative hamburgerre hamburgerekre
allative hamburgerhez hamburgerekhez
elative hamburgerből hamburgerekből
delative hamburgerről hamburgerekről
ablative hamburgertől hamburgerektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hamburgeré hamburgereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
hamburgeréi hamburgerekéi
Possessive forms of hamburger
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hamburgerem hamburgereim
2nd person sing. hamburgered hamburgereid
3rd person sing. hamburgere hamburgerei
1st person plural hamburgerünk hamburgereink
2nd person plural hamburgeretek hamburgereitek
3rd person plural hamburgerük hamburgereik

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hamburger m (invariable)

  1. hamburger
    Synonym: svizzera

References edit

  1. ^ hamburger in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology edit

From German Hamburger and English hamburger.

Noun edit

hamburger m (definite singular hamburgeren, indefinite plural hamburgere, definite plural hamburgerne)

  1. a Hamburger (person from Hamburg)
  2. a hamburger (fast food)

See also edit

References edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hamburger m inan

  1. hamburger (sandwich and patty)
  2. (derogatory) an American

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective

Further reading edit

  • hamburger in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hamburger in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English hamburger, from German Hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐ̃ˈbuɾ.ɡɛɾ/ [ɐ̃ˈbuɾ.ɣɛɾ], /ɐ̃ˈbuɾ.ɡɐɾ/ [ɐ̃ˈbuɾ.ɣɐɾ]

Noun edit

hamburger m (plural hamburgers)

  1. Alternative form of hambúrguer

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English hamburger or French hamburger.

Noun edit

hamburger m (plural hamburgeri)

  1. hamburger

Declension edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From German Hamburger.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [hɑm.ˈbuɾ.ɟæɾ]

Noun edit

hamburger (definite accusative hamburgeri, plural hamburgerler)

  1. hamburger

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative hamburger
Definite accusative hamburgeri
Singular Plural
Nominative hamburger hamburgerler
Definite accusative hamburgeri hamburgerleri
Dative hamburgere hamburgerlere
Locative hamburgerde hamburgerlerde
Ablative hamburgerden hamburgerlerden
Genitive hamburgerin hamburgerlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerim hamburgerlerim
2nd singular hamburgerin hamburgerlerin
3rd singular hamburgeri hamburgerleri
1st plural hamburgerimiz hamburgerlerimiz
2nd plural hamburgeriniz hamburgerleriniz
3rd plural hamburgerleri hamburgerleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerimi hamburgerlerimi
2nd singular hamburgerini hamburgerlerini
3rd singular hamburgerini hamburgerlerini
1st plural hamburgerimizi hamburgerlerimizi
2nd plural hamburgerinizi hamburgerlerinizi
3rd plural hamburgerlerini hamburgerlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerime hamburgerlerime
2nd singular hamburgerine hamburgerlerine
3rd singular hamburgerine hamburgerlerine
1st plural hamburgerimize hamburgerlerimize
2nd plural hamburgerinize hamburgerlerinize
3rd plural hamburgerlerine hamburgerlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerimde hamburgerlerimde
2nd singular hamburgerinde hamburgerlerinde
3rd singular hamburgerinde hamburgerlerinde
1st plural hamburgerimizde hamburgerlerimizde
2nd plural hamburgerinizde hamburgerlerinizde
3rd plural hamburgerlerinde hamburgerlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerimden hamburgerlerimden
2nd singular hamburgerinden hamburgerlerinden
3rd singular hamburgerinden hamburgerlerinden
1st plural hamburgerimizden hamburgerlerimizden
2nd plural hamburgerinizden hamburgerlerinizden
3rd plural hamburgerlerinden hamburgerlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular hamburgerimin hamburgerlerimin
2nd singular hamburgerinin hamburgerlerinin
3rd singular hamburgerinin hamburgerlerinin
1st plural hamburgerimizin hamburgerlerimizin
2nd plural hamburgerinizin hamburgerlerinizin
3rd plural hamburgerlerinin hamburgerlerinin