Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰴𐱃𐰆𐰣 (χatun/katun), from Sogdian χwatēn (χwa self + tāw power, strength), or Saka χattuna, from Proto-Turkic *Kādɨn (“relative-in-law”), which may be derived from Proto-Altaic *ki̯ā́du (“relative”). Doublet of kadın.
- ^ Carter Vaughn Findley, Turks in World History, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 45: "... Many elements of Non-Turkic origin also became part of Türk statecraft [...] for example, as in the case of khatun [...] and beg [...] both terms being of Sogdian origin and ever since in common use in Turkish. ..."
- ^ Fatima Mernissi, "The Forgotten Queens of Islam", University of Minnesota Press, 1993. pg 21: "... Khatun 'is a title of Sogdian origin borne by the wives and female relatives of the Tu-chueh and subsequent Turkish Rulers ..."
- ^ Leslie P. Peirce, "The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire", Oxford University Press, 1993. pg 312: "... On the title Khatun, see Boyle, 'Khatun', 1933, according to whom it was of Soghdian origin and was borne by wives and female relations of various Turkish Rulers. ..."
- ^ http://www.nisanyansozluk.com/?k=hatun&lnk=1
- ^ http://starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?single=1&basename=%2fdata%2falt%2fturcet&text_number=+760&root=config