- (chiefly Early Middle English) Alternative form of
From Proto-Germanic *habīgaz, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (“take, seize”). Germanic cognates include Old Saxon hevig, Dutch hevig, Old High German hebig, Old Norse hǫfigr. The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin capere, Old Irish cacht, Albanian kap (“grip”), Proto-Slavic *xopiti (Old Church Slavonic хапѭште (xapjǫšte), Russian ха́пать (xápatʹ)), Proto-Balto-Slavic *kap- (Lithuanian kàpteleti, Latvian kàmpt (“bite”)).
- Eorþe is hefige oðrum gesceaftum ― earth is heavier than the other elements.
- oppressive, serious
- Hit swiðe hefegu scyld is ― it is a very grievous crime.
- Wé mágon geþencean ðæt ðæt hefigre is ðæt man mid synnum him sylfum geearnige edwít ― we may consider, what is more important, that with sins a man may get disgrace for himself