in kind

See also: in-kind

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Calque of Latin in specie.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

Prepositional phraseEdit

in kind

  1. (usually after the noun) In the form of goods and services rather than money.
    • 1856, “Treaty signed April 18, 1855; ratified April 5, 1856”, in Treaty of friendship and commerce between Great Britain and Siam, Bangkok: J. H. Chandler, page 13:
      On all articles of import the duties shall be three per cent, payable at the option of the importer, either in kind or money, calculated upon the market value of the goods.
    In the era before the widespread monetization of transactions with currency, barter was the usual form of selling and buying for farmers, and payment of taxes was often in kind; that is, farmers' payment method was most often their produce itself.
    How much did he give? – Hard to say. It was all in kind.
    The pay is OK, but the real attraction is all the benefits in kind.

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

in kind (not comparable)

  1. (paying or giving) with goods or services (as opposed to cash)
    Synonym: in trade
    Antonym: in cash
    I made some donations to the charity, not in money, but in kind, such as non-perishable food.
  2. (idiomatic) In a reciprocal manner; in a similar way; in the same kind.
    Synonyms: equivalently, reciprocally, similarly
    • 2015 December 5, Alan Smith, “Leicester City back on top as Riyad Mahrez hat-trick downs Swansea City”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      Vardy drilled over after getting behind Bartley and also hit the side-netting, resulting in the loudest cheer of the day from the Swansea fans after he kicked an advertising board in frustration. He responded in kind by showing them three fingers with one hand and making a zero with the other.

Usage notesEdit

Frequently in the phrase payment in kind.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ kind, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, launched 2000. (section 15. “in kind”)