See also: Instrument

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Middle English instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum (an implement, tool), From īnstruō (build, construct; arrange) +‎ -mentum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪnstɹəmənt/, /ˈɪnstɹʊmənt/
  • Hyphenation: in‧stru‧ment
  • (file)

Noun edit

instrument (plural instruments)

  1. A device used to produce music.
    The violinist was a master of her instrument.
    • 1568, William Cornishe [i.e., William Cornysh], “In the Fleete Made by Me William Cornishe otherwise Called Nyshwhete Chapelman with the Most Famose and Noble Kyng Henry the VII. His Reygne the XIX. Yere the Moneth of July. A Treatise betwene Trouth, and Information.”, in John Skelton, edited by J[ohn] S[tow], Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate, Imprinted at London: In Fletestreate, neare vnto St Dunstan-in-the-West by Thomas Marshe, →OCLC; republished as Pithy Pleasaunt and Profitable Workes of Maister Skelton, Poete Laureate to King Henry the VIIIth, London: Printed for C. Davis in Pater-noster Row, 1736, →OCLC, page 290:
      The Harpe. [] A harper with his wreſt maye tune the harpe wrong / Mys tunying of an Inſtrument ſhal hurt a true ſonge
  2. A means or agency for achieving an effect.
    • 1904–1905, Baroness Orczy [i.e., Emma Orczy], “The Tremarn Case”, in The Case of Miss Elliott, London: T[homas] Fisher Unwin, published 1905, →OCLC; republished as popular edition, London: Greening & Co., 1909, OCLC 11192831, quoted in The Case of Miss Elliott (ebook no. 2000141h.html), Australia: Project Gutenberg of Australia, February 2020:
      “There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which [] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom.  []
    • 1963 January 11, “The World”, in Time[2], volume LXXXI, number 2, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 32, column 3:
      On the rocky island of Tungyin, 50 miles off the coast of Red China, is the headquarters of a little-known military unit called the Anti-Communist Salvation Army. The secret army, 30,000 strong, is Chiang Kai-shek's instrument for the long-promised return to the mainland.
  3. A measuring or displaying device.
    The instrument detected an increase in radioactivity.
  4. A tool, implement used for manipulation or measurement.
    The dentist set down his tray of instruments.
    The scientist recorded the temperature with a thermometer, but wished he had a more accurate instrument.
    1. (aviation, usually in the plural) Ellipsis of flight instrument.
      Flight within clouds must be made by reference to your instruments.
  5. (law) A legal document, such as a contract, deed, trust, mortgage, power, indenture, or will.
    A bond indenture is the instrument that gives a bond its value.
    Negotiable instruments are the foundation of the debt markets.
  6. (figuratively) A person used as a mere tool for achieving a goal.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

instrument (third-person singular simple present instruments, present participle instrumenting, simple past and past participle instrumented)

  1. (transitive) To apply measuring devices.
    an instrumented test article
  2. (transitive) To devise, conceive, cook up, plan.
    • 1978 April 15, Mitzel, “An Evening and an Afternoon with James Purdy”, in Gay Community News, page 10:
      When the Lit. Mongers deign to notice his work, they dismiss him as a "cult writer," another of their standard ploys. Purdy, not really bitter at the instrumented silence and sneers of the bookchat legions, []
  3. To perform upon an instrument; to prepare for an instrument.
    a sonata instrumented for orchestra

Synonyms edit

  • (to apply measuring devices): measure, supervise
  • (to devise, conceive):
  • (to perform on an instrument): play
  • (to prepare for an instrument): arrange

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

instrument m (plural instruments)

  1. instrument (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Danish edit

Noun edit

instrument n (singular definite instrumentet, plural indefinite instrumenter)

  1. instrument
  2. (music) musical instrument
    Synonym: musikinstrument

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˌɪn.stryˈmɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: in‧stru‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun edit

instrument n (plural instrumenten, diminutive instrumentje n)

  1. instrument
  2. (music) musical instrument
    Synonyms: muziekinstrument, speeltuig

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Indonesian: instrumen

French edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French instrument, from Old French instrument, from Latin īnstrūmentum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

instrument m (plural instruments)

  1. instrument (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old French instrument, from Latin instrūmentum (tool, device).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /instriu̯ˈmɛnt/, /instruˈmɛnt/, /ˈinstriu̯mɛnt/, /ˈinstrumɛnt/[2]

Noun edit

instrument (plural instrumentes)

  1. A tool or device used for manipulation, especially for medical and scientific uses.
  2. A device used to produce music; a musical instrument.
  3. A piece of weaponry (such as a siege engine).
  4. A legal document, such as a contract, deed or will.
  5. The means by which one reaches an end or effect.
  6. A body part that performs a certain function; an organ.
  7. The human body as a whole.
  8. One of the five senses.

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ instrū̆ment, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-02.
  2. ^ Jespersen, Otto (1909) A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (Sammlung germanischer Elementar- und Handbücher; 9)‎[1], volume I: Sounds and Spellings, London: George Allen & Unwin, published 1961, § 13.78, page 385.

Middle French edit

Noun edit

instrument m (plural instrumens)

  1. (musical) instrument
  2. instrument (device, often mechanical)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun edit

instrument n (definite singular instrumentet, indefinite plural instrument or instrumenter, definite plural instrumenta or instrumentene)

  1. an instrument

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun edit

instrument n (definite singular instrumentet, indefinite plural instrument, definite plural instrumenta)

  1. an instrument

Derived terms edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

From Latin īnstrūmentum ("an implement, tool").

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /inˈstru.mɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -umɛnt
  • Syllabification: in‧stru‧ment

Noun edit

instrument m inan

  1. instrument

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective
noun

Further reading edit

  • instrument in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • instrument in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French instrument, from Latin instrumentum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

instrument n (plural instrumente)

  1. instrument

Declension edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

instrument n

  1. an instrument (of music, for measurement, method, tool, or financial contract), a device

Declension edit

Declension of instrument 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative instrument instrumentet instrument instrumenten
Genitive instruments instrumentets instruments instrumentens

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Zoogocho Zapotec edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish instrumento.

Noun edit

instrument

  1. musical instrument

References edit

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[3] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 236