ius

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PIE root
*h₂yew-

From Proto-Italic *jowos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂yew-, an extended form of the root *h₂ey- (the source of aevum and iuvenis).

NounEdit

iūs n ‎(genitive iūris); third declension

  1. law, right, duty
    Jus summum saepe summa est malitia (The highest law is often the greatest roguery) — Terence Heautontimorumenos 4.5.43 (translation Benham's Book of Quotations 1948)
  2. court of law
InflectionEdit

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iūs iūra
genitive iūris iūrum
dative iūrī iūribus
accusative iūs iūra
ablative iūre iūribus
vocative iūs iūra
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Akin to Proto-Germanic *justaz (whence Old Norse ostr), Proto-Slavic *juxa (whence Polish jucha, Russian уха ‎(uxa)).

NounEdit

iūs n ‎(genitive iūris); third declension

  1. gravy
  2. broth
  3. sauce
InflectionEdit

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iūs iūra
genitive iūris iūrum
dative iūrī iūribus
accusative iūs iūra
ablative iūre iūribus
vocative iūs iūra
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
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