jaundice

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English jaundis, jaunis, from Middle French jaunisse, from jaune (yellow) + -isse (-ness). Jaune, from Old French jalne, from Latin galbinus (yellowish), from galbus (yellow).

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɔndɪs/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɔːndɪs/
    • (file)

NounEdit

jaundice (countable and uncountable, plural jaundices)

  1. (pathology) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine. [from early 14th c.]
    Synonym: icterus
    • 2004, Gabrielle Hatfield, Encyclopedia of Folk Medicine: Old World and New World Traditions, ABC-CLIO (→ISBN), page 215:
      In British folk medicine there are some unusual remedies for jaundice. A bizarre superstition from Staffordshire is that if a bladder is filled with the patient's urine and placed near the fire, as it dries out, the patient will recover (Black 1883: 56).
    • 2016, Dueep Jyot Singh, John Davidson, Knowing More About Jaundice - Prevention and Natural Cure Remedies of Jaundice, Mendon Cottage Books (→ISBN), page 8:
      Just ask the doctors how many cases of infantile jaundice in newborn babies have this scene that particular week?
  2. (figuratively) A feeling of bitterness, resentment or jealousy. [from 1620s]

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VerbEdit

jaundice (third-person singular simple present jaundices, present participle jaundicing, simple past and past participle jaundiced)

  1. (transitive) To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice. [from 1791]

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