Open main menu

Contents

BorôroEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

joku

  1. eye

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the pronoun stems jo- (see joka) + ku-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjoku/, [ˈjo̞ku]

PronounEdit

joku

  1. (indefinite) someone, somebody
    Joku odottaa sinua.
    Someone is waiting for you
    joku muusomebody/-one else
    joku heistäsomeone of them
  2. (indefinite, colloquial) something
    joku muu"something else" and "somebody else"
  3. ~ muu = other (not the one previously referred to).

DeterminerEdit

joku

  1. (indefinite, colloquial) one, a, any, some
    Äiti, ovella on joku kaupustelija.
    Mom, there's a salesman at the door.
    Joku kaupustelija kävi meillä eilen.
    Some salesman visited us yesterday.
    Ota joku näistä!
    Take one of these!

Usage notesEdit

  • In colloquial Finnish, the paradigms of jokin (used of non-human referents in the standard language) and joku (for human referents) have merged. Thus, colloquially, the word joku is used for the nominative singular and its plural form jotkut is used for the nominative plural when referring to both human and non-human referents, but for all other case categories, the forms originating in the paradigm of jokin are used. This leads to the following pairs in colloquial Finnish:
    joku mies / jollekin miehelle
    some man / to some man
    joku pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    some table / onto some table
    and in the standard language:
    joku mies / jollekulle miehelle
    (meanings as above)
    jokin pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    (meanings as above)

InflectionEdit

  • Case suffixes are regular. Both the parts get the case suffix. Some cases are practically never used (those forms are in brackets in the table). The lative and causative cases are used as adverbs with completely different meanings than "some" or "someone".

Related termsEdit

Pronouns with same stems:

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

joku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of じょく

LatvianEdit

NounEdit

joku m

  1. accusative singular form of joks
  2. instrumental singular form of joks
  3. genitive plural form of joks