See also: Junior and júnior

English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin junior, a contraction of iuvenior (younger) which is the comparative of iuvenis (young); see juvenile.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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junior (not generally comparable, comparative more junior, superlative most junior)

  1. (comparable) Low in rank; having a subordinate role, job, or situation.
  2. (not comparable, often preceded by a possessive adjective or a possessive form of a noun) Younger.
    • 2003, Karen Frisch, Creating Junior Genealogists, →ISBN:
      Far less likely to intimidate your junior genealogist is the Internet, with its databases, message and bulletin boards, online collections, and more. Now is also the time to introduce your children to older relatives, who can be valuable resources and provide precious information.
    • 2010, Julie Cross, Humor in Contemporary Junior Literature, →ISBN, page 1:
      Humorous books for junior readers are often ignored by the critical community, due, in part, to what Milner Davis describes as a “conventional bias against comic genres” (1996: 101), and I consider this a serious oversight within the field of children's literature.
    • 2011, Julian Barnes, Knowing French (Storycuts), →ISBN:
      There she is: Lady Margaret Hall, eight years junior to me, exhibitioner where I was top scholar, and reading French. (Not veterinary science.)
    • 2012, Junior Golf in Pictures: The Junior Golfer's Handbook, →ISBN:
      A handbook for junior golfers covering a wide range of golfing instruction and information with over 250 photographs of juniors learning, playing, practicing and enjoying the game of golf.
    • 2013, Krishna Mohan Mishra, Me and Medicine, →ISBN, page 111:
      Instead of going to the unit I walked in the opposite direction towards the medicine lecture room with various thoughts going through my mind — most of them were positive as this was a great opportunity to practise what I had learnt so far and should have a good impact on students who were 3–4 years junior to me and not known to me.
  3. (not comparable) Belonging to a younger person, or an earlier time of life.
    • 1642, Tho[mas] Browne, “(please specify the page)”, in Religio Medici. [], 4th edition, London: [] E. Cotes for Andrew Crook [], published 1656, →OCLC:
      Though our first Studies and junior Endeavours may stile us Peripateticks, Stoicks, or Academicks, yet I perceive the wisest Heads prove at last, almost all Scepticks []
  4. (not comparable, chiefly US) Of or pertaining to a third academic year in a four-year high school (eleventh grade) or university.

Alternative forms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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Noun

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junior (plural juniors)

  1. A younger person.
    four years his junior
    • 1922, Angela Brazil, Monitress Merle:
      Miss Mitchell would certainly be most relieved to have a monitress who was capable of organising the juniors at games.
    • 1939, P. G. Wodehouse, Uncle Fred in the Springtime:
      The last man I met who was at school with me, though some years my junior, had a long white beard and no teeth.
  2. A name suffix used after a son's name when his father has the same name (abbreviations: Jnr., Jr., Jun.).
  3. (chiefly US, Philippines) A third-year student at a high school or university.
  4. (law) A junior barrister.

Antonyms

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Translations

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Further reading

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  • junior”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.

Dutch

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Etymology

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From Latin junior.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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junior m (plural junioren or juniors, diminutive junioortje n)

  1. junior (younger or lower-ranked person, for example in job titles)

Coordinate terms

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin juniorem; Doublet of geindre. Cf. also the inherited Old French oblique case gignor.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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junior m or f by sense (plural juniors)

  1. (sports) junior

Derived terms

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Adjective

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junior (plural juniors)

  1. junior (all senses)

See also

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Further reading

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Hungarian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin iunior (younger), from Latin iuvenis (young).[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈjunijor]
  • Hyphenation: ju‧ni‧or
  • Rhymes: -or

Noun

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junior

  1. (sports) junior
    Synonym: ifjúsági

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative junior juniorok
accusative juniort juniorokat
dative juniornak junioroknak
instrumental juniorral juniorokkal
causal-final juniorért juniorokért
translative juniorrá juniorokká
terminative juniorig juniorokig
essive-formal juniorként juniorokként
essive-modal
inessive juniorban juniorokban
superessive junioron juniorokon
adessive juniornál junioroknál
illative juniorba juniorokba
sublative juniorra juniorokra
allative juniorhoz juniorokhoz
elative juniorból juniorokból
delative juniorról juniorokról
ablative juniortól junioroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
junioré junioroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
junioréi juniorokéi

References

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  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading

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  • junior in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Latin junior, iūnior, from Proto-Italic *juwenjōs, from *juwenis + *-jōs.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [d͡ʒuˈniɔr]
  • Hyphenation: ju‧ni‧or

Adjective

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junior

  1. young
    Synonyms: anom, belia, mentah, muda, remaja, yuvenil, yuwana
  2. junior.

Alternative forms

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Antonyms

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Further reading

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Latin

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Adjective

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jūnior (neuter jūnius); third declension

  1. comparative degree of juvenis

Declension

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Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative jūnior jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra
Genitive jūniōris jūniōrum
Dative jūniōrī jūniōribus
Accusative jūniōrem jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra
Ablative jūniōre jūniōribus
Vocative jūnior jūnius jūniōrēs jūniōra

References

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Latin iūnior.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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junior m pers (female equivalent juniorka)

  1. (humorous, literary) junior (youngest member of the family by age)
    Antonyms: nestor, senior
  2. junior (athlete who is under the age recommended for a sport, usually nineteen years of age)
    Antonym: senior
    Hypernym: sportowiec

Noun

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junior m pers

  1. Jr. (title used after a son's name when his father has the same name)
    Antonym: senior

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjective
noun

Further reading

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  • junior in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • junior in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French junior or Latin junior.

Adjective

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junior m or n (feminine singular junioră, masculine plural juniori, feminine and neuter plural juniore)

  1. junior

Declension

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Noun

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junior m (plural juniori)

  1. junior

Declension

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