Open main menu
See also: caste, Kaste, Kasten, and kastē

Contents

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Portuguese casta, from Latin castus 'pure, clean'

NounEdit

kaste c (singular definite kasten, plural indefinite kaster)

  1. caste
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Danish kastæ, from Old Norse kasta (compare with Norwegian Bokmål kaste, Faroese, Icelandic, Swedish kasta and English cast).

VerbEdit

kaste (imperative kast, infinitive at kaste, present tense kaster, past tense kastede, perfect tense har kastet)

  1. to throw, to chuck
    Kaste en bold (Throw a ball)
  2. to drop
    Kaste en bombe (fra et fly) (Drop a bomb (from an airplane))
  3. to cast
    Koen kastede sin kalv (The cow cast its calf)

Related termsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese casta (lineage, race), from the feminine of casto (pure, chaste), from Latin castus (pure, clean). Cognate with Danish, Norwegian (see below), German Kaste, English caste, French caste etc.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑstə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

kaste f (plural kasten, diminutive kastetje n)

  1. a caste, hereditary Indian socio-religious class (except the 'unclean' lowest) (depreciated in specialist usage)
  2. a similarly closed social class, especially if rather impenetrable -notably (de facto) hereditary-, as in Ancient Egypt or various tribal and feudal societies
  3. any closed, social and/or hierarchic group, such as a priesthood or a military corps
  4. (obsolete) national/ethnic group or character

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *kastek.

NounEdit

kaste (genitive kaste, partitive kastet)

  1. dew

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From kastma +‎ -e.

NounEdit

kaste (genitive kastme, partitive kastet)

  1. sauce

DeclensionEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kastek. Equivalent to kastaa +‎ -e.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɑste̞ˣ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑste
  • Hyphenation: kas‧te

NounEdit

kaste

  1. dew
  2. baptism, christening

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of kaste (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative kaste kasteet
genitive kasteen kasteiden
kasteitten
partitive kastetta kasteita
illative kasteeseen kasteisiin
kasteihin
singular plural
nominative kaste kasteet
accusative nom. kaste kasteet
gen. kasteen
genitive kasteen kasteiden
kasteitten
partitive kastetta kasteita
inessive kasteessa kasteissa
elative kasteesta kasteista
illative kasteeseen kasteisiin
kasteihin
adessive kasteella kasteilla
ablative kasteelta kasteilta
allative kasteelle kasteille
essive kasteena kasteina
translative kasteeksi kasteiksi
instructive kastein
abessive kasteetta kasteitta
comitative kasteineen

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


KarelianEdit

NounEdit

kaste

  1. dew

LatvianEdit

NounEdit

kaste f (5th declension)

  1. box

DeclensionEdit



Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Portuguese casta 'lineage, race', from the feminine of casto 'pure, chaste', from Latin castus 'pure, clean' (cognate with Dutch kastijden 'to chastise', English chasten, French chaste etc.), cognate with Danish, Dutch (see above) etc.

NounEdit

kaste m (definite singular kasten, indefinite plural kaster, definite plural kastene)

  1. caste

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse kasta (compare with Danish kaste, Faroese, Icelandic, Swedish kasta and English cast).

VerbEdit

kaste (imperative kast, present tense kaster, passive kastes, simple past and past participle kasta or kastet, present participle kastende)

  1. (transitive) to throw
  2. (transitive) to dart
  3. to cast
    kaste skygge - cast a shadow
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

NounEdit

kaste m (definite singular kasten, indefinite plural kastar, definite plural kastane)

  1. caste

VerbEdit

kaste (present tense kastar, past tense kasta, past participle kasta, passive infinitive kastast, present participle kastande, imperative kast/kaste)

  1. Alternative form of kasta

Derived termsEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kastek.

NounEdit

kaste

  1. dew

InflectionEdit

Inflection of kaste
nominative sing. kaste
genitive sing. kastken
partitive sing. kastet
partitive plur. kastkid
singular plural
nominative kaste kastked
accusative kastken kastked
genitive kastken kastkiden
partitive kastet kastkid
essive-instructive kastken kastkin
translative kastkeks kastkikš
inessive kastkes kastkiš
elative kastkespäi kastkišpäi
illative ? kastkihe
adessive kastkel kastkil
ablative kastkelpäi kastkilpäi
allative kastkele kastkile
abessive kastketa kastkita
comitative kastkenke kastkidenke
prolative kastetme kastkidme
approximative I kastkenno kastkidenno
approximative II kastkennoks kastkidennoks
egressive kastkennopäi kastkidennopäi
terminative I ? kastkihesai
terminative II kastkelesai kastkilesai
terminative III kastkessai
additive I ? kastkihepäi
additive II kastkelepäi kastkilepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “роса”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika