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keep back (third-person singular simple present keeps back, present participle keeping back, simple past and past participle kept back)

  1. (transitive) To hold back; to refuse to give or share.
  2. (transitive) To restrict or restrain.
    • 2017 November 10, Daniel Taylor, “Youthful England earn draw with Germany but Lingard rues late miss”, in The Guardian (London)[1]:
      Germany eased off in the second half and this was a night when Joachim Löw, like Southgate, took the opportunity to keep back his best XI.
  3. (transitive) To prevent (a pupil) from advancing in a course.