See also: Koko, ko-ko, kōkō, and -kökö

English

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Etymology 1

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Cf. Burmese ကုက္ကို (kukkui).

Noun

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koko

  1. The tree Albizia lebbeck.
    Synonyms: lebbek, East Indian walnut, woman's tongue tree
    Hypernym: siris
Translations
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Etymology 2

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Noun

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koko

  1. (Malaysia, school slang) Alternative form of koku

Anagrams

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'Are'are

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Verb

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koko

  1. be narrow

References

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Bamu

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Adjective

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koko

  1. hard, not soft
  2. hard, difficult
  3. (of fruit) firm, ripe
  4. stuck, immobile, immovable

Derived terms

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References

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  • Chris and Phil Carr, Bamu Dictionary (2012)

Chamicuro

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Etymology

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From Spanish coco.

Noun

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koko

  1. coconut

Esperanto

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Etymology

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From French coq and English cock.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkoko]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -oko
  • Hyphenation: ko‧ko

Noun

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koko (accusative singular kokon, plural kokoj, accusative plural kokojn)

  1. chicken
  2. fowl
  3. (dated) cock

Hypernyms

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Hyponyms

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Meronyms

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Finnish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *koko (compare Estonian kogu), possibly from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kokᴈ (compare Eastern Mari кугу (kugu, big)).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkoko/, [ˈko̞ko̞]
  • Rhymes: -oko
  • Syllabification(key): ko‧ko

Adjective

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koko (not comparable, indeclinable, only used attributively)

  1. whole, entire
    Synonym: kokonainen
    Koko päivä meni hukkaan.
    The whole day was wasted.
    Valvoimme koko yön.
    We stayed up all night.
    Älä valvo koko yötä!
    Don't stay up all night.

Declension

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Indeclinable

Noun

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koko

  1. size, dimensions
    Mikä sinun kokosi on?
    What is your size?
  2. (dialectal outside expressions) heap, pile
    kerätä kokoonto gather in a pile; (figuratively) to gather, collect

Declension

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Inflection of koko (Kotus type 1*D/valo, k- gradation)
nominative koko koot
genitive koon kokojen
partitive kokoa kokoja
illative kokoon kokoihin
singular plural
nominative koko koot
accusative nom. koko koot
gen. koon
genitive koon kokojen
partitive kokoa kokoja
inessive koossa ko’oissa
elative koosta ko’oista
illative kokoon kokoihin
adessive koolla ko’oilla
ablative koolta ko’oilta
allative koolle ko’oille
essive kokona kokoina
translative kooksi ko’oiksi
abessive kootta ko’oitta
instructive ko’oin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of koko (Kotus type 1*D/valo, k- gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kokoni kokoni
accusative nom. kokoni kokoni
gen. kokoni
genitive kokoni kokojeni
partitive kokoani kokojani
inessive koossani ko’oissani
elative koostani ko’oistani
illative kokooni kokoihini
adessive koollani ko’oillani
ablative kooltani ko’oiltani
allative koolleni ko’oilleni
essive kokonani kokoinani
translative kookseni ko’oikseni
abessive koottani ko’oittani
instructive
comitative kokoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kokosi kokosi
accusative nom. kokosi kokosi
gen. kokosi
genitive kokosi kokojesi
partitive kokoasi kokojasi
inessive koossasi ko’oissasi
elative koostasi ko’oistasi
illative kokoosi kokoihisi
adessive koollasi ko’oillasi
ablative kooltasi ko’oiltasi
allative koollesi ko’oillesi
essive kokonasi kokoinasi
translative kooksesi ko’oiksesi
abessive koottasi ko’oittasi
instructive
comitative kokoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kokomme kokomme
accusative nom. kokomme kokomme
gen. kokomme
genitive kokomme kokojemme
partitive kokoamme kokojamme
inessive koossamme ko’oissamme
elative koostamme ko’oistamme
illative kokoomme kokoihimme
adessive koollamme ko’oillamme
ablative kooltamme ko’oiltamme
allative koollemme ko’oillemme
essive kokonamme kokoinamme
translative kooksemme ko’oiksemme
abessive koottamme ko’oittamme
instructive
comitative kokoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kokonne kokonne
accusative nom. kokonne kokonne
gen. kokonne
genitive kokonne kokojenne
partitive kokoanne kokojanne
inessive koossanne ko’oissanne
elative koostanne ko’oistanne
illative kokoonne kokoihinne
adessive koollanne ko’oillanne
ablative kooltanne ko’oiltanne
allative koollenne ko’oillenne
essive kokonanne kokoinanne
translative kooksenne ko’oiksenne
abessive koottanne ko’oittanne
instructive
comitative kokoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kokonsa kokonsa
accusative nom. kokonsa kokonsa
gen. kokonsa
genitive kokonsa kokojensa
partitive kokoaan
kokoansa
kokojaan
kokojansa
inessive koossaan
koossansa
ko’oissaan
ko’oissansa
elative koostaan
koostansa
ko’oistaan
ko’oistansa
illative kokoonsa kokoihinsa
adessive koollaan
koollansa
ko’oillaan
ko’oillansa
ablative kooltaan
kooltansa
ko’oiltaan
ko’oiltansa
allative koolleen
koollensa
ko’oilleen
ko’oillensa
essive kokonaan
kokonansa
kokoinaan
kokoinansa
translative kookseen
kooksensa
ko’oikseen
ko’oiksensa
abessive koottaan
koottansa
ko’oittaan
ko’oittansa
instructive
comitative kokoineen
kokoinensa

Nonstandard:

Inflection of koko (Kotus type 1*/valo, k- gradation)
nominative koko ko’ot
genitive ko’on kokojen
partitive kokoa kokoja
illative kokoon kokoihin
singular plural
nominative koko ko’ot
accusative nom. koko ko’ot
gen. ko’on
genitive ko’on kokojen
partitive kokoa kokoja
inessive ko’ossa ko’oissa
elative ko’osta ko’oista
illative kokoon kokoihin
adessive ko’olla ko’oilla
ablative ko’olta ko’oilta
allative ko’olle ko’oille
essive kokona kokoina
translative ko’oksi ko’oiksi
abessive ko’otta ko’oitta
instructive ko’oin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of koko (Kotus type 1*/valo, k- gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kokoni kokoni
accusative nom. kokoni kokoni
gen. kokoni
genitive kokoni kokojeni
partitive kokoani kokojani
inessive ko’ossani ko’oissani
elative ko’ostani ko’oistani
illative kokooni kokoihini
adessive ko’ollani ko’oillani
ablative ko’oltani ko’oiltani
allative ko’olleni ko’oilleni
essive kokonani kokoinani
translative ko’okseni ko’oikseni
abessive ko’ottani ko’oittani
instructive
comitative kokoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kokosi kokosi
accusative nom. kokosi kokosi
gen. kokosi
genitive kokosi kokojesi
partitive kokoasi kokojasi
inessive ko’ossasi ko’oissasi
elative ko’ostasi ko’oistasi
illative kokoosi kokoihisi
adessive ko’ollasi ko’oillasi
ablative ko’oltasi ko’oiltasi
allative ko’ollesi ko’oillesi
essive kokonasi kokoinasi
translative ko’oksesi ko’oiksesi
abessive ko’ottasi ko’oittasi
instructive
comitative kokoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kokomme kokomme
accusative nom. kokomme kokomme
gen. kokomme
genitive kokomme kokojemme
partitive kokoamme kokojamme
inessive ko’ossamme ko’oissamme
elative ko’ostamme ko’oistamme
illative kokoomme kokoihimme
adessive ko’ollamme ko’oillamme
ablative ko’oltamme ko’oiltamme
allative ko’ollemme ko’oillemme
essive kokonamme kokoinamme
translative ko’oksemme ko’oiksemme
abessive ko’ottamme ko’oittamme
instructive
comitative kokoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kokonne kokonne
accusative nom. kokonne kokonne
gen. kokonne
genitive kokonne kokojenne
partitive kokoanne kokojanne
inessive ko’ossanne ko’oissanne
elative ko’ostanne ko’oistanne
illative kokoonne kokoihinne
adessive ko’ollanne ko’oillanne
ablative ko’oltanne ko’oiltanne
allative ko’ollenne ko’oillenne
essive kokonanne kokoinanne
translative ko’oksenne ko’oiksenne
abessive ko’ottanne ko’oittanne
instructive
comitative kokoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kokonsa kokonsa
accusative nom. kokonsa kokonsa
gen. kokonsa
genitive kokonsa kokojensa
partitive kokoaan
kokoansa
kokojaan
kokojansa
inessive ko’ossaan
ko’ossansa
ko’oissaan
ko’oissansa
elative ko’ostaan
ko’ostansa
ko’oistaan
ko’oistansa
illative kokoonsa kokoihinsa
adessive ko’ollaan
ko’ollansa
ko’oillaan
ko’oillansa
ablative ko’oltaan
ko’oltansa
ko’oiltaan
ko’oiltansa
allative ko’olleen
ko’ollensa
ko’oilleen
ko’oillensa
essive kokonaan
kokonansa
kokoinaan
kokoinansa
translative ko’okseen
ko’oksensa
ko’oikseen
ko’oiksensa
abessive ko’ottaan
ko’ottansa
ko’oittaan
ko’oittansa
instructive
comitative kokoineen
kokoinensa

Derived terms

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adjectives
adverbs
verbs
compounds

Further reading

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Hausa

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kóː.kó/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [kʷóː.kʷó]

Noun

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kōko m (possessed form kōkon)

  1. a porridge made from soaked durra flour

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from English cocoa.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kòː.kóː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [kʷòː.kʷóː]

Noun

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kṑkō m (possessed form kṑkon)

  1. cocoa

Hawaiian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Polynesian *toto, from Proto-Oceanic *draʀaq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *daʀaq (compare Hiligaynon dugo, Ilocano dara, Indonesian darah, Malagasy ra, Malay darah, Maori toto, Nauruan ara, Rapa Nui tuto, Tagalog dugo, West Coast Bajau darag (red)), from Proto-Austronesian *daʀaq.

Noun

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koko

  1. blood

Indonesian

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Etymology

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From Hokkien 哥哥 (ko-ko, “older brother”).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkoko]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧ko

Noun

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koko (plural koko-koko, first-person possessive kokoku, second-person possessive kokomu, third-person possessive kokonya)

  1. (colloquial) older brother.
    Synonyms: abang, kakak
  2. (colloquial) short for baju koko.
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Ingrian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *koko. Cognates include Finnish koko and Estonian kogu.

Pronunciation

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Determiner

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koko (invariable)

  1. whole, entire
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 53:
      Koko mailman tööläisin käyttäjä.
      The leader of the workers of the entire world.

Noun

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koko

  1. heap, pile

Declension

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Declension of koko (type 4/koivu, k- gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative koko koot
genitive koon kokkoin, kokoloin
partitive kokkoa kokoja, kokoloja
illative kokkoo kokkoi, kokoloihe
inessive koos koois, kokolois
elative koost kooist, kokoloist
allative koolle kooille, kokoloille
adessive kool kooil, kokoloil
ablative koolt kooilt, kokoloilt
translative kooks kooiks, kokoloiks
essive kokonna, kokkoon kokoinna, kokoloinna, kokkoin, kokoloin
exessive1) kokont kokoint, kokoloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 101
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 181

Japanese

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Romanization

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koko

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ここ

Kari'na

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Etymology

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From Proto-Cariban *koko; compare Apalaí koko, Trió koko, Wayana koko, and likely Ye'kwana koijai and ko'momü from the same stem.

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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koko

  1. by night, at night

Derived terms

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References

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  • Courtz, Hendrik (2008) A Carib grammar and dictionary[3], Toronto: Magoria Books, →ISBN, page 297
  • Ahlbrinck, Willem (1931) “koko”, in Encyclopaedie der Karaïben, Amsterdam: Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, page 221; republished as Willem Ahlbrinck, Doude van Herwijnen, transl., L'Encyclopédie des Caraïbes[4], Paris, 1956, page 215

Laboya

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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koko

  1. neck

References

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  • Allahverdi Verdizade (2019) “koko”, in Lamboya word list[5], Leiden: LexiRumah

Makasar

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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koko (Lontara spelling ᨀᨚᨀᨚ)

  1. garden, plantation

Marshallese

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [koːɡo], (enunciated) [ko ko]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /kewkew/
  • Bender phonemes: {kȩwkȩw}

Noun

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koko

  1. mahi-mahi; common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus)

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from English cocoa, from Spanish cacao, from Classical Nahuatl cacahuatl.

Pronunciation

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  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [koːɡo, kɔːɡɔ, kʷoːɡʷo, kʷɔːɡʷɔ]; (enunciated) [ko ko, kɔ kɔ, kʷo kʷo, kʷɔ kʷɔ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /kewkew, kɛwkɛw, kʷewkʷew, kʷɛwkʷɛw/
  • Bender phonemes: {kȩwkȩw, kewkew, kʷȩwkʷȩw, kʷewkʷew}

Noun

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koko

  1. cocoa; chocolate

References

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Murui Huitoto

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Etymology

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Cognates include Minica Huitoto koko and Nüpode Huitoto koko.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔkɔ]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧ko

Pronoun

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koko

  1. we two (masculine)

Declension

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References

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  • Shirley Burtch (1983) Diccionario Huitoto Murui (Tomo I) (Linguistica Peruana No. 20)‎[6] (in Spanish), Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 46
  • Katarzyna Izabela Wojtylak (2017) A grammar of Murui (Bue): a Witotoan language of Northwest Amazonia.[7], Townsville: James Cook University press (PhD thesis), page 157

Pangasinan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *kukuh, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kukuh, from Proto-Austronesian *kuSkuS.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kuˈko/, [kʊˈko]
  • Hyphenation: ku‧ko

Noun

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kokó

  1. fingernail; toenail; nail

Swahili

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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koko

  1. wild
  2. eccentric

Noun

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koko (ma class, plural makoko)

  1. wilderness
  2. nut, pit
  3. testicle

Swedish

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Adjective

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koko (comparative mer koko, superlative mest koko)

  1. (colloquial) crazy

Usage notes

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Uninflected.

References

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Trió

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Etymology

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From Proto-Cariban *koko; compare Apalaí koko, Kari'na koko, Wayana koko, and likely Ye'kwana koijai and ko'momü from the same stem.

Adverb

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koko

  1. by night

Votic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *koko.

Pronunciation

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  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈkoko/, [ˈkoko]
  • Rhymes: -oko
  • Hyphenation: ko‧ko

Adjective

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koko

  1. (not inflected) (the) whole, entire

Adverb

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koko

  1. very, entirely, completely

Noun

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koko

  1. heap, pile

Inflection

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Declension of koko (type II/võrkko, k-g gradation)
singular plural
nominative koko kogod
genitive kogo kokojõ, kokoi
partitive kokkoa kokoitõ, kokoi
illative kokkosõ, kokko kokoisõ
inessive kogoz kokoiz
elative kogossõ kokoissõ
allative kogolõ kokoilõ
adessive kogollõ kokoillõ
ablative kogoltõ kokoiltõ
translative kogossi kokoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References

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  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “koko”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

West Makian

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Etymology

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Possibly cognate with Ternate oko (chin).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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koko

  1. chin

References

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  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[8], Pacific linguistics

Wolof

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Noun

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koko (definite form koko bi)

  1. coconut

Yami

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Noun

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koko

  1. (anatomy) fingernail; toenail

Yoruba

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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kòkò

  1. Alternative form of ìkòkò
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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kòkó

From English cocoa.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kòkó

  1. cocoa
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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kókò

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kókò

  1. cocoyam
    Synonym: lámbó

Etymology 4

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Cognates include Nupe kókó.

Pronunciation

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IPA(key): /kó.kó/

Noun

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kókó

  1. point
  2. subject, essence, theme
  3. lump
  4. (cytology, physics, chemistry) nucleus
Derived terms
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Etymology 5

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Kókó pakóróbójó.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kókó

  1. knot
Hyponyms
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Derived terms
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