EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Min Nan 公司 (kong-si).

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA or enPR then please add some!

NounEdit

kongsi (plural kongsis or kongsi)

  1. (Southeast Asia) A benevolent organization of popular origin found among overseas Chinese communities for individuals with the same surname.
    • 1998, Zawawi Ibrahim, The Malay Labourer:
      By 1970, for instance, the state authorities considered these kongsi to be unfit and unhygienic for living, and they were ordered to be dismantled.
    • 2003, Wu Xiao An, Chinese Business in the Making of a Malay State, 1882-1941:
      The term kongsi loosely referred to any association of the Chinese, ranging from a business partnership to governments in West Borneo, secret societies and clan associations.
    • 2004, Simon Richmond, Marie Cambon, Damian Harper, Richard Watkins, Lonely Planet: Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei
      A kongsi is a clan house, a building that’s partly a temple and partly a meeting hall for Chinese of the same clan or surname.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Malay kongsi, from Min Nan 公司 (kong-si).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɔŋ.si/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kong‧si

NounEdit

kongsi f (plural kongsi's, diminutive kongsietje n)

  1. (Netherlands) kongsi
  2. (derogatory, Netherlands) clique, coterie

IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Malay kongsi, from Min Nan 公司 (kong-si).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔŋ.si]
  • Hyphenation: kong‧si

NounEdit

kongsi (plural, first-person possessive kongsiku, second-person possessive kongsimu, third-person possessive kongsinya)

  1. trade union; joint venture
    • 2018 July 31, Surya Yuli, “Peternak Ayam Broiler Terus Merugi [Breeders of Broiler Chicken Continue to Have Losses]”, in Suara Merdeka[1], archived from the original on 26 Sept 2019:
      Bambang juga akan mendatangi perusahaan dan kongsi pemodal yang menjalankan bisnis plasma peternak ayam broiler.
      Bambang will also visit companies and joint venture investors that run the business of outsourcing broiler chicken breeders.
  2. organization; association
  3. landlord's office
  4. partnership; alliance
    • 2018 October 29, “Bukti Salah dan Mane Tidak Pecah Kongsi [Proof that Salah and Mané did not break up their partnership]”, in Suara Merdeka[2], archived from the original on 26 Sept 2019:
      Dua tukang gedor itu membuktikan tidak pecah kongsi ketika bahu-membahu membawa The Reds mengatasi Cardiff City 4-1 dalam lanjutan Liga Primer Inggris di Cardiff, Sabtu (27/10).
      The two forwards proved that they did not break up their partnership while cooperating shoulder-to-shoulder to bring The Reds to overcome Cardiff City 4-1 in an extension of the English Premier League at Cardiff on Saturday, 27 October.
  5. (dated) company: any business, whether incorporated or not, that manufactures or sells products (also known as goods), or provides services as a commercial venture.
    Synonyms: konsorsium, maskapai, perusahaan, perserikatan, sindikasi
  6. kongsi: a benevolent organization of popular origin found among overseas Chinese communities for individuals with the same surname.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


MalayEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Min Nan 公司 (kong-si).

NounEdit

kongsi (Jawi spelling کوڠسي‎, plural kongsi-kongsi, informal 1st possessive kongsiku, impolite 2nd possessive kongsimu, 3rd possessive kongsinya)

  1. trade union; joint venture
  2. organization; association
    kongsi gelapsecret society (literally, “dark association”)
  3. kongsi (Chinese clan association)
    • 2006, Dr. Mohamad Azmie Zakaria, “Bab 4, Sepakat Sempurna [Chapter 4, Perfect Alliance]”, in Sepakat Daripada Perspektif Pengurusan Organisasi [Concurrence From the Perspective of Organizational Management], Utusan Publications, →ISBN, page 57:
      Sementara itu, dalam kalangan pendatang Cina yang menetap di Asia Tenggara pula, mereka telah menubuhkan kongsi, di mana kongsi Cina ditadbir oleh 5 orang yang dipimpin oleh Ketua Kongsi. Di Barat Borneo dia diberi gelaran po, contohnya Chang Mao-po dan Hung Kui-po.
      Meanwhile, among Chinese immigrants living in Southeast Asia, these people have set up clan associations, where each Chinese clan association is managed by 5 people led by the head of the clan association. In West Borneo the leader is given the title po, such as Chang Mao-po and Hung Kui-po.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: kongsi
  • Indonesian: kongsi
  • Dutch: kongsi

Etymology 2Edit

Back-formation from berkongsi (to share).

VerbEdit

kongsi (Jawi spelling کوڠسي‎)

  1. (informal) to share
    • 2017 September 8, Syahmi Hassan, quoting Dayang Siti Nurajimah, “Graduan cemerlang kongsi petua, rahsia kejayaan [Successful graduate shares tips and secret for success]”, in Media Permata[3], archived from the original on 10 Sept 2017:
      “Banyak perkara yang telah dilakukan untuk meraih apa yang diperolehi pada hari ini, antaranya menumpukan sepenuh perhatian dan komited dalam pengajian, menjalankan kajian-kajian yang telah diarahkan bagi memenuhi kehendak kursus, banyak meluangkan masa di perpustakaan untuk mencari bahan-bahan bagi menghasilkan satu kajian yang mantap dan sering merujuk kepada pensyarah-pensyarah jika terdapat kekeliruan di sepanjang pengajian,” kongsi Dayang Siti Nurajimah.
      "Many things have been done to achieve what I have acquired today, including concentrating all of my attention and being committed in my studies, conducting research that is mandatory to fulfill course requirements, spending a lot of time at the library to look for materials to produce a solid research and often referring to lecturers whenever there is confusion throughout my studies," Dayang Siti Nurajimah shared.
    • 2019 August 6, Fazrik Kamarudin, “Kehilangan Nora Anne: Jangan sebar, kongsi berita tidak benar - PDRM [Disappearance of Nora Anne: Do not spread or share news that are not true - Royal Malaysian Police]”, in Berita Harian[4], archived from the original on 25 Sept 2019:
      Orang ramai dinasihatkan tidak menyebar atau kongsi sebarang berita tidak benar mengenai kehilangan remaja perempuan warga Ireland, Nora Anne Quoirin, di The Dusun, Pantai, dekat Seremban, sejak kelmarin.
      The public is advised not to spread or share any news that is not true regarding the disappearance of the teenage girl from Ireland, Nora Anne Quoirin at The Dusun, Pantai near Seremban since the day before yesterday.
    • 2019 September 2, Sajida Asarulah Khan, quoting Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, “Dr. Mahathir kongsi rahsia perkahwinan [Dr. Mahathir shares wedding secrets]”, in Utusan Malaysia[5], archived from the original on 21 Sept 2019:
      “Jadi saya perlu bersabar dan dia perlu bersabar dengan saya yang akan datang, datang dan datang kerana sudah kehabisan masa,” kongsinya.
      "So I have to be patient and she has to be patient with me who is coming, coming and coming because I am already running out of time," he shares.
    Synonym: berkongsi (formal)

Further readingEdit