löschen

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlœʃən/, [ˈlœʃən], [ˈlœʃn̩]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lö‧schen

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German leschen, from Old High German lescan. Cognate with Dutch lessen.

VerbEdit

löschen ‎(third-person singular simple present löscht, past tense löschte, past participle gelöscht, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to extinguish (fire)
  2. (transitive) to satisfy (thirst)
  3. (transitive) to delete, to erase (remembrance, memory, data)
Usage notesEdit
  • The transitive verb löschen is weak, unlike the strong intransitive erlöschen ‎(to go out; expire). Strong present forms du lischst, er lischt may occasionally be seen in the transitive verb, chiefly due to hypercorrection. The past forms of the transitive verb are virtually always weak.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From German Low German lossen, lössen, lessen, from Middle Low German lössen, which is derived from the cognate of German los ‎(rid; free). Compare Dutch lossen. The form löschen is due to later association with etymology 1, unloaded goods being “deleted” from the ship’s cargo, or a delivery being crossed out in the order book. (See Deutsches Wörterbuch: “der kaufmann löscht einen schuldposten in seinem buche”.[1])

VerbEdit

löschen ‎(third-person singular simple present löscht, past tense löschte, past participle gelöscht, auxiliary haben)

  1. (nautical) to unload (goods from a ship)

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://woerterbuchnetz.de/DWB/?sigle=DWB&mode=Vernetzung&lemid=GL06807#XGL06807
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