See also: layout, Layout, and lay-out

English edit

Etymology edit

From lay +‎ out.

Verb edit

lay out (third-person singular simple present lays out, present participle laying out, simple past and past participle laid out)

  1. (transitive) To expend or contribute money to an expense or purchase.
    • 1677, Hannah Woolley, The Compleat Servant-Maid[1], London: T. Passinger, page 63:
      [] you must endeavour to take off your Mistress from all the care you can, giving to her a just and true account of what moneys you lay out for her, shewing your self thrifty in all your disbursements.
    • 1843 April, Thomas Carlyle, “Government”, in Past and Present, American edition, Boston, Mass.: Charles C[offin] Little and James Brown, published 1843, →OCLC, book II (The Ancient Monk):
      There are but two ways of paying debt: increase of industry in raising income, increase of thrift in laying it out.
  2. (transitive) To arrange in a certain way, so as to spread or space apart; to display (e.g. merchandise or a collection).
    She laid the blocks out in a circle on the floor.
    • 2023 March 8, Gareth Dennis, “The Reshaping of things to come...”, in RAIL, number 978, page 46:
      Having laid out these big-picture figures, the report then begins its analysis of traffic types against route mileage.
  3. (transitive) To explain; to interpret.
    • 2005, Plato, translated by Lesley Brown, Sophist, 230b:
      Because his opinions are all over the place, they find it easy to scrutinise them and lay them out []
  4. (transitive) To concoct; think up.
  5. To prepare a body for burial.
    • 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 28, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, →OCLC:
      So that no white sailor seriously contradicted him when he said that if ever Captain Ahab should be tranquilly laid out— which might hardly come to pass, so he muttered—then, whoever should do that last office for the dead, would find a birth-mark on him from crown to sole.
    • 1913, D[avid] H[erbert] Lawrence, chapter 6, in Sons and Lovers, London: Duckworth & Co. [], →OCLC:
      The family was alone in the parlour with the great polished box. William, when laid out, was six feet four inches long. Like a monument lay the bright brown, ponderous coffin.
  6. (transitive, colloquial) To render (someone) unconscious; to knock out; to cause to fall to the floor.
  7. (transitive, colloquial) To scold or berate.
  8. (intransitive, US, colloquial) To lie in the sunshine.

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