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See also: Lew

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EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
A 1266 gold écu issued by Louis IX.
 
A 1498 gold écu issued by Louis XII.

From corruption of French louis, from Louis,[1] presumably Louis IX or Louis XI, who issued gold écus.

NounEdit

lew (plural lews or lewis or leois)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) A French gold coin circulated in 15th-century Scotland.
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English lew, lewe, from Old English hlēow, hlēowe (warm, sunny, sheltered), from Proto-Germanic *hlewaz, *hliwjaz, *hlēwaz (warm, lukewarm), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱal(w)e-, *ḱlēw- (warm, hot). Cognate with Old Norse hlýr (warm, mild), ( > Danish ly (lukewarm)), hlær, German lau, which are themselves akin to Old Norse hlé (lee), Danish (shelter). Compare lee.[2]

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lew (comparative lewer, superlative lewest)

  1. (obsolete) Sunny; warm.
  2. (dialectal) Lukewarm, tepid.
  3. (dialectal) Alee: protected from the wind.
    • 1674, J. Ray, "South & East Countrey Words" in Coll. Eng. Words, p. 70:
      Lee or Lew, Calm, under the wind. Suss.
    • 1892, H. C. O'Neill, Devonshire Idyls, p. 7:
      His house... was ‘loo’ from the cold north winds.
Usage notesEdit

Now chiefly Southern Scottish and Northern English.

NounEdit

 
Sheep sheltering beside a stone wall. Shepherds formerly raised lews—structures of thatch and sticks—for the same purpose.

lew (plural lews)

  1. (now Scotland) Warmth, heat.
    • 1605, J. Sylvester translating G. de S. Du Bartas as Deuine Weekes & Wks, Book i, Ch. iv, p. 136:
      To th' end a fruitfull lew
      May euerie Climate in his time renew.
  2. (dialectal) A shelter from the wind, particularly temporary structures raised by shepherds to protect their flocks.
    • 1825, J. Jennings, Observ. Dial. W. Eng., p. 52:
      Lew, shelter; defence from storms or wind.
    • 1887, W. D. Parish & al., Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect:
      Lew, a thatched hurdle, supported by sticks, and set up in a field to screen lambs, etc. from the wind.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

lew (third-person singular simple present lews, present participle lewing, simple past and past participle lewed)

  1. (transitive) To make warm or lukewarm.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To become warm.
  3. (transitive) To shelter from the wind.
    • 1887, W. D. Parish & al., Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect:
      Lew... Those trees will lew the house when they're up-grown.

Etymology 3Edit

Of uncertain etymology, but compare Old English gelewed (weakness, infirmity) and limlaeweo (limb-weak, lame).[3] Possibly related to Proto-Germanic *laiwą (damage); compare Old Norse (venom, bane).

AdjectiveEdit

lew (comparative more lew, superlative most lew)

  1. Weak.
  2. Sickly-looking, pale, wan.
    • c. 1325,, "Old Age" in T. Wright & al.'s 1845 Reliquiae Antiquae, Vol. II, p. 211:
      Mi bodi wexit lewe.

Etymology 4Edit

Variant of lo (q.v.).[4]

InterjectionEdit

lew

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of lo or look: a cry to look at something.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Variant of lue (q.v.).[5]

VerbEdit

lew (third-person singular simple present lews, present participle lewing, simple past and past participle lewed)

  1. (mining, dialectal, transitive) Alternative form of lue: to sift, particularly while mining tin or silver.
    • 1674, John Ray, A Collection of English Words, Not Generally Used, p. 122:
      Cornwall... The fine [sc. tin] is lewed in a fine sierce.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "† lew, n.¹" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ "lew, adj.¹ and n.²" and "lew, v." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ "lew, adj.²" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ "lew, int." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "lue | lew, v." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1903), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

AnagramsEdit


CornishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *lew, from Latin leō.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [lɛˑʊ]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [leˑʊ]

NounEdit

lew m (plural lewyon)

  1. lion

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

lēw

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌴𐍅

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /lɛf/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *lьvъ. Probably from a Germanic language, from Latin leō.

NounEdit

lew m anim (diminutive lewek, augmentative lwisko, feminine lwica)

  1. lion
  2. (heraldry) lion
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Bulgarian лев (lev)

NounEdit

lew m inan

  1. lev
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

lew f

  1. genitive plural of lewa

Further readingEdit

  • lew in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Dutch leeuw.

NounEdit

lew

  1. lion

WelshEdit

NounEdit

lew

  1. Soft mutation of llew.

ZazakiEdit

 
lewi

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *leb-, cognate with Persian لب(lab), English lip etc.

NounEdit

lew ?

  1. (anatomy) lip