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  • IPA(key): /ˈlɪkwədeɪt/, /ˈlɪkwɪdeɪt/
  • (file)


From Medieval Latin liquidatus (liquid, clear), past participle of liquidare. The sense "to kill, do away with" is a semantic loan from Russian ликвиди́ровать (likvidírovatʹ), ultimately from Latin liquidus.


liquidate (third-person singular simple present liquidates, present participle liquidating, simple past and past participle liquidated)

  1. (transitive) To settle (a debt) by paying the outstanding amount.
    • W. Coxe
      Friburg was ceded to Zurich by Sigismund to liquidate a debt of a thousand florins.
  2. (transitive) To settle the affairs of (a company), by using its assets to pay its debts.
  3. (transitive) To convert (assets) into cash; to redeem.
  4. (law, transitive) To determine by agreement or by litigation the precise amount of (indebtedness); to make the amount of (a debt) clear and certain.
    • 15 Ga. Rep. 821
      A debt or demand is liquidated whenever the amount due is agreed on by the parties, or fixed by the operation of law.
    • Chesterfield
      If our epistolary accounts were fairly liquidated, I believe you would be brought in considerably debtor.
  5. (transitive) To do away with.
  6. (transitive) To kill.
  7. (obsolete, transitive) To make clear and intelligible.
    • A. Hamilton
      Time only can liquidate the meaning of all parts of a compound system.
  8. (obsolete, transitive) To make liquid.


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