loanword

See also: loan word

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

loan +‎ word, calque of German Lehnwort.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
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loanword (plural loanwords)

  1. A word directly taken into one language from another one with little or no translation.
    The word exit is a loanword from Latin.
    • 1921, H. L. Mencken, The American Language:
      New words, and particularly loanwords, are simplified, and hence naturalized in American much more quickly than in English. Employé has long since become employee in our newspapers, and asphalte has lost its final e, and manœuvre has become maneuver, and pyjamas has become pajamas.
    • 2018, James Lambert, “Anglo-Indian slang in dictionaries on historical principles”, in World Englishes, volume 37, page 251:
      This searching was facilitated by the author's knowledge of the vagaries of Anglo-Indian spelling and the numerous colonial-era transliteration systems used for loanwords from Indian languages.

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