ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-lotha?

  1. (intransitive) to die down (of a fire), to smoulder
  2. (intransitive) to subside, to abate

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukulotha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukulotha ukungalothi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular lotha -lothe
Plural lothani -lotheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyalotha, ngilotha engilothayo, engilotha ngilotha angilothi engingalothi ngingalothi
2nd singular uyalotha, ulotha olothayo, olotha ulotha awulothi ongalothi ungalothi
1st plural siyalotha, silotha esilothayo, esilotha silotha asilothi esingalothi singalothi
2nd plural niyalotha, nilotha enilothayo, enilotha nilotha anilothi eningalothi ningalothi
Class 1 uyalotha, ulotha olothayo, olotha elotha akalothi ongalothi engalothi
Class 2 bayalotha, balotha abalothayo, abalotha belotha abalothi abangalothi bengalothi
Class 3 uyalotha, ulotha olothayo, olotha ulotha awulothi ongalothi ungalothi
Class 4 iyalotha, ilotha elothayo, elotha ilotha ayilothi engalothi ingalothi
Class 5 liyalotha, lilotha elilothayo, elilotha lilotha alilothi elingalothi lingalothi
Class 6 ayalotha, alotha alothayo, alotha elotha awalothi angalothi engalothi
Class 7 siyalotha, silotha esilothayo, esilotha silotha asilothi esingalothi singalothi
Class 8 ziyalotha, zilotha ezilothayo, ezilotha zilotha azilothi ezingalothi zingalothi
Class 9 iyalotha, ilotha elothayo, elotha ilotha ayilothi engalothi ingalothi
Class 10 ziyalotha, zilotha ezilothayo, ezilotha zilotha azilothi ezingalothi zingalothi
Class 11 luyalotha, lulotha olulothayo, olulotha lulotha alulothi olungalothi lungalothi
Class 14 buyalotha, bulotha obulothayo, obulotha bulotha abulothi obungalothi bungalothi
Class 15 kuyalotha, kulotha okulothayo, okulotha kulotha akulothi okungalothi kungalothi
Class 17 kuyalotha, kulotha okulothayo, okulotha kulotha akulothi okungalothi kungalothi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilothile, ngilothē engilothile, engilothē ngilothile, ngilothē angilothanga engingalothanga ngingalothanga
2nd singular ulothile, ulothē olothile, olothē ulothile, ulothē awulothanga ongalothanga ungalothanga
1st plural silothile, silothē esilothile, esilothē silothile, silothē asilothanga esingalothanga singalothanga
2nd plural nilothile, nilothē enilothile, enilothē nilothile, nilothē anilothanga eningalothanga ningalothanga
Class 1 ulothile, ulothē olothile, olothē elothile, elothē akalothanga ongalothanga engalothanga
Class 2 balothile, balothē abalothile, abalothē belothile, belothē abalothanga abangalothanga bengalothanga
Class 3 ulothile, ulothē olothile, olothē ulothile, ulothē awulothanga ongalothanga ungalothanga
Class 4 ilothile, ilothē elothile, elothē ilothile, ilothē ayilothanga engalothanga ingalothanga
Class 5 lilothile, lilothē elilothile, elilothē lilothile, lilothē alilothanga elingalothanga lingalothanga
Class 6 alothile, alothē alothile, alothē elothile, elothē awalothanga angalothanga engalothanga
Class 7 silothile, silothē esilothile, esilothē silothile, silothē asilothanga esingalothanga singalothanga
Class 8 zilothile, zilothē ezilothile, ezilothē zilothile, zilothē azilothanga ezingalothanga zingalothanga
Class 9 ilothile, ilothē elothile, elothē ilothile, ilothē ayilothanga engalothanga ingalothanga
Class 10 zilothile, zilothē ezilothile, ezilothē zilothile, zilothē azilothanga ezingalothanga zingalothanga
Class 11 lulothile, lulothē olulothile, olulothē lulothile, lulothē alulothanga olungalothanga lungalothanga
Class 14 bulothile, bulothē obulothile, obulothē bulothile, bulothē abulothanga obungalothanga bungalothanga
Class 15 kulothile, kulothē okulothile, okulothē kulothile, kulothē akulothanga okungalothanga kungalothanga
Class 17 kulothile, kulothē okulothile, okulothē kulothile, kulothē akulothanga okungalothanga kungalothanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngālotha engālotha ngālotha angilothanga engingalothanga ngingalothanga
2nd singular wālotha owālotha wālotha awulothanga ongalothanga ungalothanga
1st plural sālotha esālotha sālotha asilothanga esingalothanga singalothanga
2nd plural nālotha enālotha nālotha anilothanga eningalothanga ningalothanga
Class 1 wālotha owālotha ālotha akalothanga ongalothanga engalothanga
Class 2 bālotha abālotha bālotha abalothanga abangalothanga bengalothanga
Class 3 wālotha owālotha wālotha awulothanga ongalothanga ungalothanga
Class 4 yālotha eyālotha yālotha ayilothanga engalothanga ingalothanga
Class 5 lālotha elālotha lālotha alilothanga elingalothanga lingalothanga
Class 6 ālotha ālotha ālotha awalothanga angalothanga engalothanga
Class 7 sālotha esālotha sālotha asilothanga esingalothanga singalothanga
Class 8 zālotha ezālotha zālotha azilothanga ezingalothanga zingalothanga
Class 9 yālotha eyālotha yālotha ayilothanga engalothanga ingalothanga
Class 10 zālotha ezālotha zālotha azilothanga ezingalothanga zingalothanga
Class 11 lwālotha olwālotha lwālotha alulothanga olungalothanga lungalothanga
Class 14 bālotha obālotha bālotha abulothanga obungalothanga bungalothanga
Class 15 kwālotha okwālotha kwālotha akulothanga okungalothanga kungalothanga
Class 17 kwālotha okwālotha kwālotha akulothanga okungalothanga kungalothanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingalotha ngingalotha ngingelothe ngingelothe
2nd singular ungalotha ungalotha ungelothe ungelothe
1st plural singalotha singalotha singelothe singelothe
2nd plural ningalotha ningalotha ningelothe ningelothe
Class 1 angalotha engalotha angelothe engelothe
Class 2 bangalotha bengalotha bangelothe bengelothe
Class 3 ungalotha ungalotha ungelothe ungelothe
Class 4 ingalotha ingalotha ingelothe ingelothe
Class 5 lingalotha lingalotha lingelothe lingelothe
Class 6 angalotha engalotha angelothe engelothe
Class 7 singalotha singalotha singelothe singelothe
Class 8 zingalotha zingalotha zingelothe zingelothe
Class 9 ingalotha ingalotha ingelothe ingelothe
Class 10 zingalotha zingalotha zingelothe zingelothe
Class 11 lungalotha lungalotha lungelothe lungelothe
Class 14 bungalotha bungalotha bungelothe bungelothe
Class 15 kungalotha kungalotha kungelothe kungelothe
Class 17 kungalotha kungalotha kungelothe kungelothe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizolotha engizolotha ngizolotha angizulotha engingezulotha ngingezulotha
2nd singular uzolotha ozolotha uzolotha awuzulotha ongezulotha ungezulotha
1st plural sizolotha esizolotha sizolotha asizulotha esingezulotha singezulotha
2nd plural nizolotha enizolotha nizolotha anizulotha eningezulotha ningezulotha
Class 1 uzolotha ozolotha ezolotha akazulotha ongezulotha engezulotha
Class 2 bazolotha abazolotha bezolotha abazulotha abangezulotha bengezulotha
Class 3 uzolotha ozolotha uzolotha awuzulotha ongezulotha ungezulotha
Class 4 izolotha ezolotha izolotha ayizulotha engezulotha ingezulotha
Class 5 lizolotha elizolotha lizolotha alizulotha elingezulotha lingezulotha
Class 6 azolotha azolotha ezolotha awazulotha angezulotha engezulotha
Class 7 sizolotha esizolotha sizolotha asizulotha esingezulotha singezulotha
Class 8 zizolotha ezizolotha zizolotha azizulotha ezingezulotha zingezulotha
Class 9 izolotha ezolotha izolotha ayizulotha engezulotha ingezulotha
Class 10 zizolotha ezizolotha zizolotha azizulotha ezingezulotha zingezulotha
Class 11 luzolotha oluzolotha luzolotha aluzulotha olungezulotha lungezulotha
Class 14 buzolotha obuzolotha buzolotha abuzulotha obungezulotha bungezulotha
Class 15 kuzolotha okuzolotha kuzolotha akuzulotha okungezulotha kungezulotha
Class 17 kuzolotha okuzolotha kuzolotha akuzulotha okungezulotha kungezulotha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyolotha engiyolotha ngiyolotha angiyulotha engingeyulotha ngingeyulotha
2nd singular uyolotha oyolotha uyolotha awuyulotha ongeyulotha ungeyulotha
1st plural siyolotha esiyolotha siyolotha asiyulotha esingeyulotha singeyulotha
2nd plural niyolotha eniyolotha niyolotha aniyulotha eningeyulotha ningeyulotha
Class 1 uyolotha oyolotha eyolotha akayulotha ongeyulotha engeyulotha
Class 2 bayolotha abayolotha beyolotha abayulotha abangeyulotha bengeyulotha
Class 3 uyolotha oyolotha uyolotha awuyulotha ongeyulotha ungeyulotha
Class 4 iyolotha eyolotha iyolotha ayiyulotha engeyulotha ingeyulotha
Class 5 liyolotha eliyolotha liyolotha aliyulotha elingeyulotha lingeyulotha
Class 6 ayolotha ayolotha eyolotha awayulotha angeyulotha engeyulotha
Class 7 siyolotha esiyolotha siyolotha asiyulotha esingeyulotha singeyulotha
Class 8 ziyolotha eziyolotha ziyolotha aziyulotha ezingeyulotha zingeyulotha
Class 9 iyolotha eyolotha iyolotha ayiyulotha engeyulotha ingeyulotha
Class 10 ziyolotha eziyolotha ziyolotha aziyulotha ezingeyulotha zingeyulotha
Class 11 luyolotha oluyolotha luyolotha aluyulotha olungeyulotha lungeyulotha
Class 14 buyolotha obuyolotha buyolotha abuyulotha obungeyulotha bungeyulotha
Class 15 kuyolotha okuyolotha kuyolotha akuyulotha okungeyulotha kungeyulotha
Class 17 kuyolotha okuyolotha kuyolotha akuyulotha okungeyulotha kungeyulotha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilothe ngingalothi
2nd singular ulothe ungalothi
1st plural silothe singalothi
2nd plural nilothe ningalothi
Class 1 alothe angalothi
Class 2 balothe bangalothi
Class 3 ulothe ungalothi
Class 4 ilothe ingalothi
Class 5 lilothe lingalothi
Class 6 alothe angalothi
Class 7 silothe singalothi
Class 8 zilothe zingalothi
Class 9 ilothe ingalothi
Class 10 zilothe zingalothi
Class 11 lulothe lungalothi
Class 14 bulothe bungalothi
Class 15 kulothe kungalothi
Class 17 kulothe kungalothi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngalotha ngangalotha, angalotha, angangalotha
2nd singular walotha wangalotha, awalotha, awangalotha
1st plural salotha sangalotha, asalotha, asangalotha
2nd plural nalotha nangalotha, analotha, anangalotha
Class 1 walotha wangalotha, akalotha, akangalotha
Class 2 balotha bangalotha, abalotha, abangalotha
Class 3 walotha wangalotha, awalotha, awangalotha
Class 4 yalotha yangalotha, ayalotha, ayangalotha
Class 5 lalotha langalotha, alalotha, alangalotha
Class 6 alotha angalotha, awalotha, awangalotha
Class 7 salotha sangalotha, asalotha, asangalotha
Class 8 zalotha zangalotha, azalotha, azangalotha
Class 9 yalotha yangalotha, ayalotha, ayangalotha
Class 10 zalotha zangalotha, azalotha, azangalotha
Class 11 lwalotha lwangalotha, alwalotha, alwangalotha
Class 14 balotha bangalotha, abalotha, abangalotha
Class 15 kwalotha kwangalotha, akwalotha, akwangalotha
Class 17 kwalotha kwangalotha, akwalotha, akwangalotha

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit