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EnglishEdit

 
Illustration showing parts of the human eye, including the macula.

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English macula (spot on the skin or in the eye), borrowed from Latin macula (spot, stain). Doublet of macchia.

NounEdit

macula (plural maculae)

  1. (anatomy) An oval yellow spot near the center of the retina of the human eye, histologically defined as having two or more layers of ganglion cells, responsible for detailed central vision.
  2. A spot, as on the skin, or on the surface of the sun or of some other luminous orb.
  3. A rather large spot or blotch of color.
  4. In planetary geology, an unusually dark area on the surface of a planet or moon.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

macula

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of macular
  2. second-person singular imperative form of macular

FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

macula

  1. third-person singular past historic of maculer

ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin macula, whence also the inherited doublet macchia.

NounEdit

macula f (plural macule)

  1. (anatomy, astronomy, geology) macula
  2. stain, blot
  3. (pathology) macule blotch

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *smatlo-, from Proto-Indo-European *smh₂tlo- (possibly meaning “wiping”); related to Ancient Greek σμάω (smáō, I wipe clean, cleanse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

macula f (genitive maculae); first declension

  1. in a bad sense
    1. (literally and in general) a spot, speck, small mark or stain
      1. (literally and in particular) a disfiguring spot, stain, or blemish
        1. (on the skin) a blemish, temporary or permanent (for example, a bruise, freckle, mole, birthmark, etc.)
        2. (on a garment) a stain, an area of soiling or defilement
    2. (figuratively) a fault or blemish, a blot on one’s character
    3. (transferred sense) a mark of shame or disgrace; a stigma, brand, or blight
  2. in a neutral sense
    1. any kind of marking or point of variegation; a speckle, spot, patch, line, or similar
      1. on the skin or coat of an animal
      2. on the leaves of a plant
    2. (transferred sense) a mesh in a net, a cell in a network, or a hole in a web
      1. (Medieval Latin, in particular) a cell in a coat of mail, a ring of chainmail
      2. (Medieval Latin, transferred sense) a link in a chain

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative macula maculae
Genitive maculae maculārum
Dative maculae maculīs
Accusative maculam maculās
Ablative maculā maculīs
Vocative macula maculae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

maculā f

  1. ablative singular of macula

ReferencesEdit

  • măcŭla in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • macula in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • macula in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • măcŭla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 935/2
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to blot out a reproach: maculam (conceptam) delere, eluere
    • (ambiguous) to sully one's fair fame: vitae splendori(em) maculas(is) aspergere
  • macula” on pages 1,058–1,059 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “macula, macla”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 624/1
  • de Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, vol. 7 of Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, Alexander Lubotsky ed., Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Latin macula.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

macula (plural maculas)

  1. (Late Middle English, rare) A lesion on the eye.
  2. (Late Middle English, rare) A lesion on the skin.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

macula

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of macular
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of macular

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

macula

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of macular.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of macular.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of macular.