# median

## English

Finding the median in sets of data with an odd and even number of values.

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

### Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French median, from Latin medianus (of or pertaining to the middle, adjective), from medius (middle) (see medium), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (middle). Doublet of mean and mizzen. Cognate with Old English midde, middel (middle). More at middle.

### Pronunciation

• (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmiːdɪən/
• (US) IPA(key): /ˈmiːdi.ən/
•  Audio (UK) (file)

### Noun

median (plural medians)

1. (anatomy, now rare) A central vein or nerve, especially the median vein or median nerve running through the forearm and arm. [from 15th c.]
2. (geometry) A line segment joining the vertex of triangle to the midpoint of the opposing side.
3. (statistics) A number separating the higher half from the lower half of a data sample, population, or probability distribution. The median of a finite list of numbers can be found by arranging all the observations from lowest value to highest value and picking the middle one (e.g., the median of {3, 3, 5, 9, 11} is 5). If there is an even number of observations, then there is no single middle value; the median is then usually defined to be the mean of the two middle values. [from 19th c.]
4. (US) The area separating two lanes of opposite-direction traffic; the median strip. [from 20th c.]
• 2019, Colson Whitehead, The Nickel Boys, Fleet, page 134:
Seen from street level, the median was clean most days. From the third floor you peered over the benches and trees and saw the trash crowding the subway ventilation grates and paving stones.

#### Translations

median (not comparable)

1. Situated in a middle, central, or intermediate part, section, or range of (something). [from 16th c.]
2. () In the middle of an organ, structure etc.; towards the median plane of an organ or limb. [from 16th c.]
3. (statistics) Having the median as its value. [from 19th c.]

## Esperanto

median

1. accusative singular of media

## Finnish

### Noun

median

1. Genitive singular form of media.

## Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

### Etymology

From Dutch mediaan, from Latin medianus (of or pertaining to the middle, adjective), from medius (middle) (see medium), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos (middle). Doublet of madya.

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): [meˈdian]
• Hyphenation: mé‧di‧an

### Noun

median or médian

1. median,
1. (statistics) the number separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.
2. (geometry) a line segment joining the vertex of triangle to the midpoint of the opposing side.
3. the median strip; the area separating two lanes of opposite-direction traffic.
2. medium, anything having a measurement intermediate between extremes, such as a garment or container.
Synonym: sedang
3. () pica: 12-point type
4. () mediaan, a former Nederland paper size, 470 mm × 560 mm.

## Romanian

### Etymology

From French médian, from Latin medianus.

median m or n (feminine singular mediană, masculine plural medieni, feminine and neuter plural mediene)

1. median

## Spanish

### Verb

median

1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of mediar.
2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of mediar.

## Swedish

### Etymology

Borrowed from Latin medianus; cf. English median.

### Noun

median c

1. median value

#### Declension

Declension of median
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative median medianen medianer medianerna
Genitive medians medianens medianers medianernas