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LatvianEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *mel(n)-(black, blue), from Proto-Indo-European *mel-(dark, red, dirty). Cognates include Lithuanian mė́lynas(blue), Old Prussian melne(bruise), Gothic mēla(mēla, writing characters), Old High German mālōn(to paint, to draw), German malen(to paint), Sanskrit मलः(malaḥ, dirty), Ancient Greek μέλας(mélas, black, dark) (< *melans), Latin mulleus(reddish) (< *mulneyos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

 
Melns

melns (def. melnais, comp. melnāks, sup. vismelnākais; adv. melni)

  1. black (the color of something that absorbs all light and reflects none)
    absolūti melns‎ ― absolutely black
    melna tāfele‎ ― black board
    melns mākonis‎ ― black cloud
    melni mati‎ ― black hair
    melns kā ogle, kā nakts‎ ― black as coal, as the night
    melnais kontinents‎ ― the black continent (= Africa)
    dāma melnā‎ ― lady (dressed) in black
  2. black (much darker than the average of its kind)
    melnā dzilna‎ ― black woodpecker
    melnā žurka‎ ― black rat
    melnā priede‎ ― black pine
    melnais diamants‎ ― black diamond
    melnā tēja‎ ― black tea
    melna kafija‎ ― black coffee
  3. Black (a person of dark skin color)
    melns kungs‎ ― a Black gentleman
    melnā rase‎ ― the Black race
    melnie iezemieši‎ ― the Black natives
  4. dirty, smudged with something black or dark
    melna mute‎ ― black, dirty mouth
    melnas rokas‎ ― black, dirty hands
  5. (definite form) dark (wrong, objectionable, unlawful)
    melnā vara‎ ― dark power
    melnā maģija‎ ― black magic
    melnais saraksts‎ ― black list
    melnais tirgus‎ ― black market

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “melns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7