niemand

See also: Niemand

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch niemand, from Middle Dutch nieman, from Old Dutch nieman.

PronounEdit

niemand

  1. nobody; no one
  2. none

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch nieman, from Old Dutch nieman. Equivalent to n- +‎ iemand.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈni.mɑnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: nie‧mand
  • Rhymes: -imɑnt

PronounEdit

niemand (genitive niemands)

  1. nobody, no one
    Niemand weet, niemand weet, dat ik Repelsteeltje heet.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: niemand

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German [Term?], from Old High German nioman. Cognate with Hunsrik nimmand.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

niemand

  1. nobody, no one
    • 1524, Martin Luther (lyrics), Johann Walter (music), “Christ lag in Todes Banden”:
      Den Tod niemand zwingen kunnt.
      Nobody could defeat death.

Usage notesEdit

  • Niemand is synonymous with keiner (no one), which is the nominalised masculine form of the pronoun kein (no). In written German, niemand is more common than keiner, whereas colloquial German often prefers the latter. (Note that keiner can also be used in other senses, in which niemand is not applicable.)
  • Niemand may or may not take the case endings -em (dative) and -en (accusative). Thus: “Ich suche niemand” and “Ich suche niemanden” are both correct translations of “I'm looking for nobody.” The latter is probably somewhat more common (at least in writing).
  • With a following adjective, niemand is always uninflected. The adjective itself is capitalized and declined in the strong pattern. It generally uses neuter forms: niemand Neues – "nobody new". In the accusative case it may also take a masculine form: “Ich suche niemand Neuen” alongside “Ich suche niemand Neues.” ("I'm looking for nobody new.") The dative form has -em either way. The genitive case cannot be used with an adjective, but needs to be paraphrased.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • niemand” in Duden online
  • Niemand in Adelung's Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart at Zeno.org