octoni
LatinEdit
80 | ||
← 7 | VIII 8 |
9 → |
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Cardinal: octō Ordinal: octāvus Adverbial: octiēs Multiplier: octuplus, octuplex, octoplus Distributive: octōnī Fractional: octāns |
EtymologyEdit
Distributive form of octō (“eight”)
PronunciationEdit
- (Classical) IPA^{(key)}: /okˈtoː.niː/, [ɔkˈt̪oːniː]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA^{(key)}: /okˈto.ni/, [ɔkˈt̪ɔːni]
AdjectiveEdit
octōnī (feminine octōnae, neuter octōna); first/second-declension adjective, plural only
- eight at a time, by eights, eight each
- c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.73:
- Huius generis octoni ordines ducti ternos inter se pedes distabant.
- Rows by eights of this kind were dug, they stood apart three feet between them.
- Huius generis octoni ordines ducti ternos inter se pedes distabant.
- c. 15 BCE, Vitruvius, De architectura 3.1:
- Pseudodipteros autem sic collocatur, ut in fronte et postico sint columnae octonae, in lateribus cum angularibus quindenae.
- The Pseudodipteros, however, is thus assembled so that there are eight columns each in front and rear, fifteen each on the sides including the corner ones.
- Pseudodipteros autem sic collocatur, ut in fronte et postico sint columnae octonae, in lateribus cum angularibus quindenae.
- 1611, Johannes Kepler, Strena seu de nive sexangula 20:
- Etenim si cubo adimas angulos suos octonos resectos lateribus aequalibus, introrsumque componas plane constitues octaedron.
- Moreover if you remove from a cube its eight corners each cut on equal sides, and arrange them facing inwards, you will clearly produce an octahedron.
- Etenim si cubo adimas angulos suos octonos resectos lateribus aequalibus, introrsumque componas plane constitues octaedron.
DeclensionEdit
First/second-declension adjective, plural only.
Number | Plural | ||
---|---|---|---|
Case / Gender | Masculine | Feminine | Neuter |
Nominative | octōnī | octōnae | octōna |
Genitive | octōnōrum | octōnārum | octōnōrum |
Dative | octōnīs | ||
Accusative | octōnōs | octōnās | octōna |
Ablative | octōnīs | ||
Vocative | octōnī | octōnae | octōna |
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit
- octoni in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- octoni in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- octoni in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette