outrage

See also: outragé

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English outrage, from Old French outrage, oultrage (excess), from Late Latin *ultrāgium, *ultrāticum ("a going beyond"), derived from Latin ultrā (beyond). Later reanalysed as out- +‎ rage, whence the contemporary pronunciation, though neither of these is etymologically related.

The verb is from Middle English outragen, from Old French oultragier.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

outrage (countable and uncountable, plural outrages)

  1. An excessively violent or vicious attack; an atrocity.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, in The Tremarn Case[1]:
      There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which […] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom. […]
  2. An offensive, immoral or indecent act.
  3. The resentful, indignant, or shocked anger aroused by such acts.
  4. (obsolete) A destructive rampage. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

outrage (third-person singular simple present outrages, present participle outraging, simple past and past participle outraged)

  1. (transitive) To cause or commit an outrage upon; to treat with violence or abuse.
    • August 30, 1706, Francis Atterbury, a sermon preach'd in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, at the funeral of Mr. Tho. Bennet
      Base and insolent minds [] outrage men when they have Hopes of doing it without a Return.
    • 1725-1726, William Broome, Odyssey
      The interview [] outrages all the rules of decency.
  2. (transitive) To inspire feelings of outrage in.
    The senator's comments outraged the community.
  3. (archaic, transitive) To sexually violate; to rape.
  4. (obsolete, transitive) To rage in excess of.

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ outrage, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2004.

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French oltrage

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

outrage m (plural outrages)

  1. offence, insult, contempt
  2. (literary) onslaught

VerbEdit

outrage

  1. first-person singular present indicative of outrager
  2. third-person singular present indicative of outrager
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of outrager
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of outrager
  5. second-person singular imperative of outrager

Further readingEdit