See also: pæninsula


Alternative formsEdit


Coined by Livy (59 B.C.E. – 17 C.E.): paene (nearly”, “almost) + īnsula (island).[1]


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /pae̯ˈ, [päe̯ˈnĩːs̠ʊɫ̪ä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /peˈ, [peˈninsulä]
  • (file)
  • (file)


paenīnsula f (genitive paenīnsulae); first declension

  1. peninsula
    Italia et Graecia paeninsulae sunt.Italy and Greece are peninsulas.


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative paenīnsula paenīnsulae
Genitive paenīnsulae paenīnsulārum
Dative paenīnsulae paenīnsulīs
Accusative paenīnsulam paenīnsulās
Ablative paenīnsulā paenīnsulīs
Vocative paenīnsula paenīnsulae

Related termsEdit



  • paeninsula”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • paeninsula”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • paeninsula in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a peninsula projects into the sea: paeninsula in mare excurrit, procurrit
  1. ^ Famous Firsts in the Ancient Greek and Roman World by David Matz (2000; McFarland; →ISBN, 9780786405992), page 121
    Livy was the first Roman author to combine the words paene (almost) and insula (island) into one: paeninsula. He used the word in the course of his description of the location of New Carthage, on the Spanish coast (26.42).