Possibly from German Pandeismus, from pan- (from Ancient Greek παν- (pan-, “prefix meaning ‘all’”)) + Deismus (“deism”) (from Latin deus (“deity, god”) + German -ismus (“-ism”)). (Similar words appear earlier in various languages, but apparently not in the same sense.) The word can be analysed as pan- + deism or as a blend of pantheism + deism.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pænˈdiːɪz(ə)m/, /-deɪ-/
- (General American) IPA(key): /pænˈdiɪzəm/, /-deɪ-/
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- Hyphenation: pan‧de‧i‧sm
- (religion) A belief in a god who is both pantheistic and deistic, in particular a god who designed the universe and then became it and ceased to exist separately and act consciously with respect to it.
- 1941, Charles Hartshorne, Man’s Vision of God and the Logic of Theism, New York, N.Y.: Harper and Bros., OCLC 1469363, page 348:
- Just as [absolute perfection in some respects, relative perfection in all others] is the whole positive content of perfection, so CW, or the conception of the Creator-and-the-Whole-of-what-he-has-created as constituting one life, the super-whole which in its everlasting essence is uncreated (and does not necessitate just the parts which the whole has) but in its de facto concreteness is created – this panentheistic doctrine contains all of deism and pandeism except their arbitrary negations.
- 1967, F[rancis] E[dward] Peters, “psychḗ”, in Greek Philosophical Terms: A Historical Lexicon, New York, N.Y.: New York University Press, →ISBN, paragraph 13, page 169:
- 1996, Bob Burridge, “God’s Decrees: Certainty and Contingency”, in Survey Studies in Reformed Theology, Genevan Institute for Reformed Studies, published 2016, archived from the original on 12 June 2018:
- All the actions of created intelligences are not merely the actions of God. Creatures act freely and responsibly as the proximate causes of their own moral actions. If God was the proximate cause of every act, all things would simply be “God in motion”. That is nothing less than pantheism, or more exactly, pandeism. The Creator is distinct from his creation. The reality of secondary causes is what separates Christian theism from pandeism.
- 2018, Raphael Lataster, “The Case for A-theism”, in The Case against Theism: Why the Evidence Disproves God’s Existence (Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures; 26), Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, Springer Nature, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-90793-2, →ISBN, ISSN 2211-1107, section 3.5.3 (Case Study: Pandeism vs. Theism), page 194:
- It could also be argued that the god that no longer requires interaction with the creation is superior to the one that does, so that deistic concepts, including pandeism, are again preferable. Similarly, concerning experiential arguments, the 'hidden' and possibly 'indifferent' god of pandeism better explains why so many people do not experience god, internally, yet also can explain why some do. Pandeisms, and other pantheisms, particularly polytheistic forms, also better explain why it is not only the god of theism (and specifically, Christian theism) that is internally experienced by some people.
- (religion, rare) Worship which admits or tolerates favourable aspects of all religions; omnitheism.
- 1915 May, Louis S. Hardin, “The Chimerical Application of Machiavelli’s Principles”, in James H. Coghill, editor, The Yale Sheffield Monthly, volume XXI, number 8, New Haven, Conn.: Sheffield Scientific School, Yale College, OCLC 3698975, page 463:
- We hear men prophesy that this war means the death of Christianity and an era of Pandeism or perhaps even the destruction of all which we call modern civilization and culture. We hear men predict that the ultimate result of the war will be a blessing to humanity.
- 1964 October 23, Charles A[nslem] Bolton, “Beyond the Ecumenical: Pan-Deism?”, in Christianity Today: Fortnightly Magazine of Evangelical Conviction, volume 9, Carol Stream, Ill.: Christianity Today, Inc., ISSN 0009-5753, OCLC 867952557, page 21:
- I first came across this extension of ecumenism into pan-deism among some Roman Catholic scholars interested primarily in the "reunion of the churches," […] Thus they do not necessarily discern in Rome's ecumenism and pan-deism a project for world domination. Yet this danger certainly exists.
- 1991, J[ames] Sidlow Baxter, “Our Bible: The Most Critical Issue”, in Prophetic Witness Movement International, archived from the original on 22 February 2018, retrieved 3 November 2018:
- If the Bible is only human lore, and not divine truth, then we have no real answer to those who say, "Let's pick the best out of all religions and blend it all into Pan-Deism – one world religion with one god made out of many".
- ^ Christian Ferdinand Fleißbach (1849), “Pantheismus, Pantheistisch, n.”, in Heilmittel gegen einen Krebsschaden der Deutschen Literatur: Erläuternde Bemerkungen über die Deutschen Wörter von zweifelhafter Schreibart, den Schriftstellern zur Prüfung, den Schriftsetzern zur Beachtung empfohlen [Remedy against a Cancerous Damage of German Literature: Explanatory Notes on German Words of Doubtful Orthography, for the Examination of Writers, and for the Recommended Attention of Typesetters], Leipzig: Verlag des Correctur-Bureau, in Commission bei Ch. E. Kollmann, OCLC 495009801, page 31: “Pantheismus, Pantheistisch, n. Pandeismus, Pandeistisch. Gebildet aus dem Griech [Formed from the Greek]. πᾶν und θεός.”; compare the use of Pandeisten (“pandeists”) in M[oritz] Lazarus and H[eymann] Steinthal, editors (1875), “Zur Religionsphilosophie”, in Zeitschrift für Völkerpsychologie und Sprachwissenschaft [Journal of Social Psychology and Linguistics], volume VIII, Berlin: Ferd. Dümmlers Verlagsbuchhandlung; Harrwitz & Gossmann, OCLC 889540714, pages 262–263: “Man stelle es also den Denkern frei, ob sie Theisten, Pan-theisten, Atheisten, Deisten (und warum nicht auch Pandeisten?) sein wollen: dem Volke aber predigt nichts von Gott und ja nichts von Unsterblichkeit.”
- ^ See, for example, Gaius Plinius Secundus [i.e., Pliny the Elder]; Gottfried Große, transl. (1787), “Das sechs und drenzigste Buch [Book XXXVI]”, in Naturgeschichte: mit erläuternden Anmerkungen [Natural History: With Explanatory Notes], volume XI, Frankfurt: Johann Christian Hermann, OCLC 833131308, § 1, footnote 1, page 165:
- Beym Plinius, den man, wo nicht Spinozisten, doch einen Pandeisten nennen konnte, ist Natur oder Gott kein von der Welt getrenntes oder abgesondertes Wesen. Seine Natur ist die ganze Schöpfung im Konkreto, und eben so scheint es mit seiner Gottheit beschaffen zu seyn. [In Pliny [the Elder], whom one could call, if not a Spinozist, then perhaps a Pandeist, Nature is not a being divided off or separated from the world. His nature is the whole of creation, in concrete, and the same appears to be true also of his divinity.]
- ^ Luigi Ferrarese (1838), “Dell’Applicazione della Fisiologia ed in Particolar Modo di Quella del Cervello e Sistema Nervoso allo Studio della Filosofia del Pensiero [Of the Application of Physiology and Particularly of the Brain and Nervous System to the Study of the Philosophy of Thought]”, in Memorie Risguardanti la Dottrina Frenologica: Ed Altre Scienze che con essa hanno Stretto Rapporto [Monographs Relating: And Other Sciences that have a Close Relationship with It], Naples: [Francesco del-Vecchio], OCLC 56786919, pages 15–16:
- […] costringe, come faceva osservare un dotto Critico, la rivelazione a cambiare il suo posto con quello del pensiero istintivo e dell' affermazione senza riflessione e colloca la ragione fuori della persona dell'uomo dichiarandolo un frammento di Dio, una spezie di pandeismo spirituale introducendo, assurdo per noi, ed al Supremo Ente ingiurioso, il quale reca onda grave alla libertà del medesimo, ec, ec.
pandeism (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])
This noun needs an inflection-table template.
pandeism n (uncountable)