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From pan- +‎ Ancient Greek θεός (theós, god, divine) +‎ -ism. The term "pantheist" - of which "pantheism" is a variation - was purportedly first used by Irish writer John Toland in his 1705 work, Socinianism Truly Stated, by a pantheist. A critic of Toland, J. Fay, was the first to use the term "pantheism" in 1709, in Defensio Religionis.


  • IPA(key): /ˈpæn.θi.ɪz.əm/
  • Hyphenation: pan‧the‧ism

Alternative formsEdit

  • sometimes hyphenated or expressed as a phrase: pan-theism, pan theism
  • sometimes either the P or (rarely) both the P and T are capitalized: Pantheism, PanTheism
  • variations of capitalization and spacing may be combined: Pan-theism, Pan-Theism, Pan Theism, Pan theism


pantheism (countable and uncountable, plural pantheisms)

  1. (religion) The belief that the Universe is in some sense divine and should be revered. Pantheism identifies the universe with God but denies any personality or transcendence of such a God.
  2. (rare, religion) The belief in all gods; omnitheism.



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