particular

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English particuler, from Anglo-Norman particuler, Middle French particuler, particulier, from Late Latin particularis (partial; separate, individual), from Latin particula ((small) part). Equivalent to particle +‎ -ar. Compare particle.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

particular (comparative more particular, superlative most particular) (also non-comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Pertaining only to a part of something; partial.
  2. Specific; discrete; concrete.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:specific
    Antonym: general
    I couldn't find the particular model you asked for, but I hope this one will do.
    We knew it was named after John Smith, but nobody knows which particular John Smith.
  3. Specialised; characteristic of a specific person or thing.
    Synonyms: optimized, specialistic
    I don't appreciate your particular brand of cynicism.
  4. (obsolete) Known only to an individual person or group; confidential.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, King Lear, V.1:
      or these domesticke and particular broiles, Are not the question heere.
  5. Distinguished in some way; special (often in negative constructions).
    My five favorite places are, in no particular order, New York, Chicago, Paris, San Francisco and London.
    I didn't have any particular interest in the book.
    He brought no particular news.
    She was the particular belle of the party.
  6. (comparable) Of a person, concerned with, or attentive to, details; fastidious.
    Synonyms: minute, precise, fastidious; see also Thesaurus:fastidious
    He is very particular about his food and if it isn't cooked to perfection he will send it back.
    These women are more particular about their appearance.
    • 1929, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, When the World Screamed[1]:
      There is a scraper as well as a mat, and Mrs. Challenger is most particular.
  7. Concerned with, or attentive to, details; minute; circumstantial; precise.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:meticulous
    a full and particular account of an accident
  8. (law) Containing a part only; limited.
    a particular estate, or one precedent to an estate in remainder
  9. (law) Holding a particular estate.
  10. (logic) Forming a part of a genus; relatively limited in extension; affirmed or denied of a part of a subject.
    a particular proposition, opposed to "universal", e.g. (particular affirmative) "Some men are wise"; (particular negative) "Some men are not wise".

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further readingEdit

NounEdit

particular (plural particulars)

  1. A small individual part of something larger; a detail, a point. [from 15th c.]
  2. (obsolete) A person's own individual case. [16th-19th c.]
  3. (now philosophy, chiefly in plural) A particular case; an individual thing as opposed to a whole class. (Opposed to generals, universals.) [from 17th c.]
    • 1912, Bertrand Russel, The Problems of Philosophy, Chapter 9:
      When we examine common words, we find that, broadly speaking, proper names stand for particulars, while other substantives, adjectives, prepositions, and verbs stand for universals.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin particularis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

particular (masculine and feminine plural particulars)

  1. private
  2. particular

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin particulāris, corresponding to partícula +‎ -ar.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɐɾ.ti.ku.ˈlaɾ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /paʁ.ˌt͡ʃi.ku.ˈlaʁ/, [pɐχ.ˌt͡ʃi.kʊ.ˈl̪äχ]
  • Hyphenation: par‧ti‧cu‧lar

AdjectiveEdit

particular m or f (plural particulares, comparable)

  1. private (concerning, accessible or belonging to an individual person or group)
  2. private (not belonging to the government)
    Synonym: privado
    Antonym: público
  3. particular; specific
    Synonym: específico
  4. particular; distinguished; exceptional
    Synonym: excepcional

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin particulāris.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /paɾtikuˈlaɾ/, [paɾ.t̪i.kuˈlaɾ]

AdjectiveEdit

particular (plural particulares)

  1. specific, particular
    Synonyms: concreto, específico
  2. peculiar, strange
    Synonyms: raro, extraño
  3. personal
    Synonym: íntimo
  4. private
    Synonym: privado

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

particular m (plural particulares)

  1. individual, private citizen

Further readingEdit