From Middle English pavilloun, from Anglo-Norman pavilloun, from Latin pāpiliōnem, form of pāpiliō (“butterfly, moth”) (due to resemblance of tent to a butterfly’s wings), of unknown origin. Doublet of papillon.
pavilion (plural pavilions)
- An ornate tent.
- A light roofed structure used as a shelter in a public place.
- A structure, sometimes temporary, erected to house exhibits at a fair, etc.
- (cricket) The building where the players change clothes, wait to bat, and eat their meals.
- A detached or semi-detached building at a hospital or other building complex.
- The lower surface of a brilliant-cut gemstone, lying between the girdle and collet.
- (anatomy) The cartiliginous part of the outer ear; auricle.
- (anatomy) The fimbriated extremity of the Fallopian tube.
- (military) A flag, ensign, or banner.
- (heraldry) A tent used as a bearing.
- A covering; a canopy; figuratively, the sky.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To furnish with a pavilion.
- (transitive) To put inside a pavilion.
- (transitive, figuratively) To enclose or surround (after Robert Grant's hymn line "pavilioned in splendour").
pavilion n (plural pavilioane)