From Middle English peper, piper, from Old English piper, from West Germanic *piper, from Latin piper, from an Indo-Aryan source; compare Sanskrit पिप्पलि (pippali, “long pepper”). The name was given to the capsicum fruit because of its unusual spicy taste, not unlike the European spice. Cognate with Scots pepar, Saterland Frisian Pieper, West Frisian piper, Dutch peper, German Low German Peper, German Pfeffer, Danish peber, Swedish peppar, Icelandic pipar.
pepper (countable and uncountable, plural peppers)
- A plant of the family Piperaceae.
- (uncountable) A spice prepared from the fermented, dried, unripe berries of this plant.
- (Britain, US, Ireland and Canada) A bell pepper, a fruit of the capsicum plant: red, green, yellow or white, hollow and containing seeds, and in very spicy and mild varieties.
- (baseball) A game used by baseball players to warm up where fielders standing close to a batter rapidly return the batted ball to be hit again
- Some ballparks have signs saying "No pepper games".
- (cryptography) A randomly-generated value that is added to another value (such as a password) prior to hashing. Unlike a salt, a new one is generated for each value and it is held separately from the value.
Terms derived from pepper
- Macedonian: бибер m (biber), црн пипер m (crn piper)
- Malay: lada
- Manx: pibbyr m
- Maori: pepa
- Mongolian: перц (perts)
- Navajo: azeedíchʼííʼ łibáhí
- Norman: paîvre m
- North Frisian: (Föhr-Amrum) pöber n
- Norwegian: pepper (no) n
- Occitan: pebre (oc)
- Old Church Slavonic:
- Cyrillic: пьпьрь m (pĭpĭrĭ)
- Old East Slavic: пьпьрь m (pĭpĭrĭ) (12th century), перець m (perecĭ) (14th century)
- Old Frisian: piper
- Ossetian: цывзы (cyvzy), бырц (byrc)
- Paiwan: mácam
- Persian: فلفل (fa) (felfel)
- Polish: pieprz (pl) m
- Portuguese: pimenta (pt) f
- Puyuma: naná
- Quechua: piminta
- Romanian: piper (ro) m
- Romansch: paiver, peiver, pever
- Russian: пе́рец (ru) m (pérec), чёрный пе́рец m (čórnyj pérec) (black pepper)
- Sanskrit: मरीचम् (sa) m (marīcam)
- Sardinian: pibere, pibiri, pipere
- Scottish Gaelic: piobar m
- Cyrillic: бибер m, папар m
- Roman: biber (sh) m, pаpаr (sh) m
- Shan: please add this translation if you can
- Shona: mhiripiri
- Sicilian: pipi (scn)
- Slovak: korenie n, piepor m
- Slovene: poper (sl) m
- Lower Sorbian: peṕeŕ m, per m
- Upper Sorbian: popjeŕ m
- Spanish: pimienta (es) f
- Sundanese: pedes
- Swahili: pilipili manga
- Swedish: peppar (sv) c
- Tajik: филфил (tg) (filfil), мурч (murč)
- Tamil: மிளகு (ta) (miḷaku)
- Telugu: మిరియము (te) (miriyamu)
- Thai: พริกไทย (prík-tai)
- Thao: makámun
- Tlingit: si.áax'u at
- Tok Pisin: pepa
- Tonkawa: mummunchicew
- Turkish: karabiber (tr)
- Turkmen: burc
- Ukrainian: пе́рець m (pérecʹ)
- Urdu: مرچ m (mirc)
- Uyghur: مۇچ (much)
- Uzbek: qalampir (uz), murch (uz)
- Venetian: pévaro
- Vietnamese: hạt tiêu (vi)
- Volapük: pep (vo)
- Walloon: poeve (wa) m
- Welsh: pupur (cy) m, bupur m
- West Frisian: piper
- Yiddish: פֿעפֿער m (fefer)
- Yup'ik: piilitsaaq
- Zhuang: lwgmanh
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
pepper (third-person singular simple present peppers, present participle peppering, simple past and past participle peppered)
- (transitive) To add pepper to.
- (transitive) To strike with something made up of small particles.
- (transitive) To cover with lots of (something made up of small things).
- After the hailstorm, the beach was peppered with holes.
- (transitive) To add (something) at frequent intervals.
- He liked to pepper his conversation with long words.
strike with small particles
cover with lots of small things
add at frequent intervals