See also: Pepper

EnglishEdit

 
Peppercorns (2).
 
Peppers (capsicum).

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English peper, piper, from Old English piper, from Proto-West Germanic *piper, from Latin piper, from an Indo-Aryan source; compare Sanskrit पिप्पलि (pippali, long pepper). The name was given to the capsicum fruit because of its unusual spicy taste, not unlike the European spice.

Cognate with Scots pepar, Saterland Frisian Pieper, West Frisian piper, Dutch peper, German Low German Peper, German Pfeffer, Danish peber, Swedish peppar, Icelandic pipar. Doublet of falafel and peepul.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pepper (countable and uncountable, plural peppers)

  1. A plant of the family Piperaceae.
  2. (uncountable) A spice prepared from the fermented, dried, unripe berries of this plant.
  3. (UK, US, Ireland and Canada) A bell pepper, a fruit of the capsicum plant: red, green, yellow or white, hollow and containing seeds, and in very spicy and mild varieties.
  4. (baseball) A game used by baseball players to warm up where fielders standing close to a batter rapidly return the batted ball to be hit again
    Some ballparks have signs saying "No pepper games".
  5. (cryptography) A randomly-generated value that is added to another value (such as a password) prior to hashing. Unlike a salt, a new one is generated for each value and it is held separately from the value.
  6. (boxing, slang) This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 1906, Henry Downes Miles, Pugilistica (page 61)
      He means to snatch the laurels from his brow, / At all his boasted pluck and prowess smile, / And give him pepper in superior style.
    • 1848, Charles Dickens, Dombey and Son
      [T]he Chicken had been tapped, and bunged, and had received pepper, and had been made groggy, and had come up piping, and had endured a complication of similar strange inconveniences, until he had been gone into and finished.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Tok Pisin: pepa
  • Hawaiian: pepa
  • Marshallese: pepa

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

pepper (third-person singular simple present peppers, present participle peppering, simple past and past participle peppered)

  1. (transitive) To add pepper to.
  2. (transitive) To strike with something made up of small particles.
  3. (transitive) To cover with lots of (something made up of small things).
    After the hailstorm, the beach was peppered with holes.
  4. (transitive) To add (something) at frequent intervals.
    He liked to pepper his conversation with long words.
  5. (transitive, slang) To beat or thrash.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

pepper

  1. Alternative form of peper

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse piparr

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

pepper m (definite singular pepperen)

  1. pepper (spice)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit