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CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

perdo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of perdre

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

perdi +‎ -o

NounEdit

perdo (accusative singular perdon, plural perdoj, accusative plural perdojn)

  1. loss

GalicianEdit

ItalianEdit

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From per- +‎ (1st person singular of *dare (place)).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

perdō (present infinitive perdere, perfect active perdidī); third conjugation, no passive, no supine stem (Classical)
perdō (present infinitive perdere, perfect active perdidī, supine perditum); third conjugation (post-Classical)

  1. I destroy, ruin, wreck.
  2. I waste, squander.
    • Suetonius writing of Titus
      Atque etiam recordatus quondam super cenam, quod nihil cuiquam toto die praestitisset, memorabilem illam meritoque laudatam vocem edidit: "Amici, diem perdidi".
      One evening at dinner, realizing that he had done nobody any favour throughout the entire day, he spoke these memorable words: "Friends, I have wasted a day".
  3. I lose utterly, suffer loss.

Usage notesEdit

  • The present subjunctive can also be perduim, perduis, perduit, perduimus, perduistis or perduint.
  • Speakers of Classical Latin typically avoided the passive forms of this verb, using pereō instead.

ConjugationEdit

  • Classical Latin conjugation, without passive forms:
   Conjugation of perdō (third conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perdō perdis perdit perdimus perditis perdunt
imperfect perdēbam perdēbās perdēbat perdēbāmus perdēbātis perdēbant
future perdam perdēs perdet perdēmus perdētis perdent
perfect perdidī perdidistī perdidit perdidimus perdidistis perdidērunt, perdidēre
pluperfect perdideram perdiderās perdiderat perdiderāmus perdiderātis perdiderant
future perfect perdiderō perdideris perdiderit perdiderimus perdideritis perdiderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perdam perdās perdat perdāmus perdātis perdant
imperfect perderem perderēs perderet perderēmus perderētis perderent
perfect perdiderim perdiderīs perdiderit perdiderīmus perdiderītis perdiderint
pluperfect perdidissem perdidissēs perdidisset perdidissēmus perdidissētis perdidissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perde perdite
future perditō perditō perditōte perduntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perdere perdidisse
participles perdēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
perdendī perdendō perdendum perdendō
  • Complete conjugation, in later Latin:
   Conjugation of perdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perdō perdis perdit perdimus perditis perdunt
imperfect perdēbam perdēbās perdēbat perdēbāmus perdēbātis perdēbant
future perdam perdēs perdet perdēmus perdētis perdent
perfect perdidī perdidistī perdidit perdidimus perdidistis perdidērunt, perdidēre
pluperfect perdideram perdiderās perdiderat perdiderāmus perdiderātis perdiderant
future perfect perdiderō perdideris perdiderit perdiderimus perdideritis perdiderint
passive present perdor perderis, perdere perditur perdimur perdiminī perduntur
imperfect perdēbar perdēbāris, perdēbāre perdēbātur perdēbāmur perdēbāminī perdēbantur
future perdar perdēris, perdēre perdētur perdēmur perdēminī perdentur
perfect perditus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect perditus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect perditus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perdam perdās perdat perdāmus perdātis perdant
imperfect perderem perderēs perderet perderēmus perderētis perderent
perfect perdiderim perdiderīs perdiderit perdiderīmus perdiderītis perdiderint
pluperfect perdidissem perdidissēs perdidisset perdidissēmus perdidissētis perdidissent
passive present perdar perdāris, perdāre perdātur perdāmur perdāminī perdantur
imperfect perderer perderēris, perderēre perderētur perderēmur perderēminī perderentur
perfect perditus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect perditus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present perde perdite
future perditō perditō perditōte perduntō
passive present perdere perdiminī
future perditor perditor perduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives perdere perdidisse perditūrum esse perdī perditum esse perditum īrī
participles perdēns perditūrus perditus perdendus, perdundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
perdendī perdendō perdendum perdendō perditum perditū

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • perdo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • perdo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • perdo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • amongst such moral depravity: tam perditis or corruptis moribus
    • (ambiguous) to lose no time: tempus non amittere, perdere
    • (ambiguous) to bring a man to ruin; to destroy: aliquem affligere, perdere, pessumdare, in praeceps dare
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's labour: operam (et oleum) perdere or frustra consumere
    • (ambiguous) to lose hope: spem perdere
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's case: causam or litem amittere, perdere