Latin Edit

Etymology Edit

From per- (through) +‎ maneō (I remain). Related to and synonymous with Ancient Greek δῐᾰμένω (diaménō).

Pronunciation Edit

Verb Edit

permaneō (present infinitive permanēre, perfect active permānsī, supine permānsum); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I stay to the end, hold out
  2. I last, continue, remain, endure, abide
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.33:
      hic status in caelō multōs permānsit in annōs
      This state [of things] in heaven endured for many years
  3. I survive, outlive
  4. I persist, persevere
    Synonyms: aeternō, persevērō, persistō
  5. I devote my life to, live by

Conjugation Edit

  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources.
   Conjugation of permaneō (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present permaneō permanēs permanet permanēmus permanētis permanent
imperfect permanēbam permanēbās permanēbat permanēbāmus permanēbātis permanēbant
future permanēbō permanēbis permanēbit permanēbimus permanēbitis permanēbunt
perfect permānsī permānsistī permānsit permānsimus permānsistis permānsērunt,
pluperfect permānseram permānserās permānserat permānserāmus permānserātis permānserant
future perfect permānserō permānseris permānserit permānserimus permānseritis permānserint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present permaneam permaneās permaneat permaneāmus permaneātis permaneant
imperfect permanērem permanērēs permanēret permanērēmus permanērētis permanērent
perfect permānserim permānserīs permānserit permānserīmus permānserītis permānserint
pluperfect permānsissem permānsissēs permānsisset permānsissēmus permānsissētis permānsissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present permanē permanēte
future permanētō permanētō permanētōte permanentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives permanēre permānsisse permānsūrum esse
participles permanēns permānsūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
permanendī permanendō permanendum permanendō permānsum permānsū

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

Descendants Edit

  • Italian: permanere
  • Old French: parmaindre
  • Portuguese: permanecer
  • Spanish: permanecer

References Edit

  • permaneo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • permaneo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • permaneo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to abide by, persist in one's opinion: in sententia manere, permanere, perseverare, perstare
    • (ambiguous) to persevere in one's resolve: in proposito susceptoque consilio permanere
    • (ambiguous) to remain in subjection: in officio manere, permanere