EnglishEdit

NounEdit

pestis (uncountable)

  1. (uncommon) Plague.
    • 2014, John Baron, The Life of Edward Jenner M.D., Cambridge University Press (→ISBN):
      page 198: [...] a name ordinarily given, then and for ages preceding, to the bubonic pestis.
      page 213: Another species of pestis in Sauvages Nosology is, from the accounts of various writers on the Lues bovilla, intimately connected with that [of distemper].

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pestis (disease, plague).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛʃtiʃ]
  • Hyphenation: pes‧tis

NounEdit

pestis (plural pestisek)

  1. plague

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative pestis pestisek
accusative pestist pestiseket
dative pestisnek pestiseknek
instrumental pestissel pestisekkel
causal-final pestisért pestisekért
translative pestissé pestisekké
terminative pestisig pestisekig
essive-formal pestisként pestisekként
essive-modal
inessive pestisben pestisekben
superessive pestisen pestiseken
adessive pestisnél pestiseknél
illative pestisbe pestisekbe
sublative pestisre pestisekre
allative pestishez pestisekhez
elative pestisből pestisekből
delative pestisről pestisekről
ablative pestistől pestisektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
pestisé pestiseké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
pestiséi pestisekéi
Possessive forms of pestis
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. pestisem pestiseim
2nd person sing. pestised pestiseid
3rd person sing. pestise pestisei
1st person plural pestisünk pestiseink
2nd person plural pestisetek pestiseitek
3rd person plural pestisük pestiseik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin; possibly cognate with the second element of young Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬞𐬀𐬯𐬙𐬌𐬱(kapastiš), the name of an illness, rendering a hypothetical Proto-Indo-European *pesti- (illness).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pestis f (genitive pestis); third declension

  1. a disease, plague
  2. a pest
  3. destruction, ruin, death

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pestis pestēs
Genitive pestis pestium
Dative pestī pestibus
Accusative pestem pestēs
pestīs
Ablative peste pestibus
Vocative pestis pestēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hungarian: pestis
  • Italian: peste
  • Middle French: peste
  • Portuguese: peste
  • Spanish: peste

ReferencesEdit

  • pestis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pestis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pestis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the plague breaks out in the city: pestilentia (not pestis) in urbem (populum) invadit
    • to bring mishap, ruin on a person: calamitatem, pestem inferre alicui
    • to compass, devise a man's overthrow, ruin: pestem alicui (in aliquem) machinari
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill