See also: prasą and prasã

Irish edit

Adjective edit

prasa

  1. nominative/vocative/strong genitive/dative plural of pras

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
prasa phrasa bprasa
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish prasa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈprasa/
  • Syllabification: pra‧sa

Noun edit

prasa f (related adjective prasowi)

  1. (uncountable) press (printed media)
  2. (countable) press (device used to apply pressure)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

nouns
verbs

Related terms edit

nouns

Further reading edit

  • Jan Trepczyk (1994) “prasa”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski (in Kashubian), volumes 1–2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “prasa”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[2]
  • prasa”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Ladino edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkish پراصه (prasa, pırasa), from Greek πράσο (práso).

Noun edit

prasa (Latin spelling)

  1. leek, Allium ampeloprasum

Latvian edit

Verb edit

prasa

  1. third-person singular/plural present indicative of prasīt
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of prasīt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of prasīt

Masurian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish prasa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈprasa]
  • Syllabification: pra‧sa

Noun edit

prasa m inan

  1. iron (device for pressing clothes and applying heat to them)
  2. press (device used to apply pressure)
  3. press (printed media)

Derived terms edit

verbs

Further reading edit

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2024) “prasa”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur[3], volume 6, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, pages 5-6

Old Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Middle High German prësse. First attested in 1444.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /prasa/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /prasa/

Noun edit

prasa f

  1. press (device for squeezing wine, oil, etc.)
    • 1444, rękopiśmienne ekscerpty - glosy z rozariusza z rękopisu znajdującego się w zbiorach Biblioteki Klasztornej oo. Paulinów na Jasnej Górze pod sygn. II 25 z r. 1444, page 261v:
      Torcular est instrvmentum ad exprimendum vinum... Et torcular... vlg. prasza uel lyszycza po maszoweczku
      [Torcular est instrvmentum ad exprimendum vinum... Et torcular... vlg. prasa uel lisica po mazowiecku]
  2. mangle, wringer
    • 1898-2024 [1495], Rocznik Krakowski[4], volume XVI, Krakow, page 62:
      Torcular cum clausura al. prassa
      [Torcular cum clausura al. prasa]

Derived terms edit

verbs

Descendants edit

  • Masurian: prasa, presa
  • Polish: prasa
  • Silesian: presa

References edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish prasa. Sense 1 is a semantic loan from German Presse and French presse.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpra.sa/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /ˈpra.sa/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -asa
  • Syllabification: pra‧sa

Noun edit

prasa f (related adjective prasowy)

  1. (uncountable) press (printed media)
    1. (uncountable, collective) press (those working in such media collectively)
    2. (uncountable, collective) press (all institutions creating such media)
  2. (countable) press (device used to apply pressure) [+ do (genitive) = for what]
    1. (countable) mangle, wringer [+ do (genitive) = for what]
      Synonyms: magiel, maglownica, prasowalnica
    2. (countable, obsolete) iron (device for pressing clothes)
      Synonym: żelazko
  3. (obsolete, countable) crowd, throng
    Synonyms: ciżba, ścisk, tłok

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

verbs
verbs

Descendants edit

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), prasa is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 10 times in scientific texts, 31 times in news, 18 times in essays, 6 times in fiction, and 3 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 68 times, making it the 950th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[2]

References edit

  1. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “prasa”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  2. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “prasa”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 431

Further reading edit

  • prasa in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • prasa in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “prasa”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Wiesław Morawski (11.07.2008) “PRASA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “prasa”, in Słownik języka polskiego[5]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “prasa”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[6]
  • A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1908), “prasa”, in Słownik języka polskiego[7] (in Polish), volume 4, Warsaw, page 973

Slovak edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *porsę (piglet), from Proto-Indo-European *pórḱos. Cognate to Serbo-Croatian prase, Czech prase, Polish prosię, Slovene prašič, Bulgarian прасе́ (prasé), and Russian поросёнок (porosjónok).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

prasa n (genitive singular prasaťa, nominative plural prasatá, prasce, genitive plural prasiat, prasiec, declension pattern of dievča)

  1. pig

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • prasa”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Tetum edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese praça.

Noun edit

prasa

  1. town square
  2. market