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See also: prínceps




From Proto-Italic *priisemokaps by syncope. Surface etymology: prīmus (first) +‎ -ceps (catcher).



prīnceps (genitive prīncipis); third declension

  1. first, foremost
  2. chief, distinguished


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative prīnceps prīncipēs prīncipia
genitive prīncipis prīncipium
dative prīncipī prīncipibus
accusative prīncipem prīnceps prīncipēs prīncipia
ablative prīncipī prīncipibus
vocative prīnceps prīncipēs prīncipia



prīnceps m (genitive prīncipis); third declension

  1. leader, first man
    Consortionis Populorum Princeps
    Head of the Commonwealth
  2. principal person
  3. author, originator, founder, head
  4. chief, director
  5. prince, sovereign
  6. (military, as plural) company or division of the second line of soldiers


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative prīnceps prīncipēs
genitive prīncipis prīncipum
dative prīncipī prīncipibus
accusative prīncipem prīncipēs
ablative prīncipe prīncipibus
vocative prīnceps prīncipēs




  • princeps in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • princeps in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • princeps in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • princeps in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be considered the foremost orator: primum or principem inter oratores locum obtinere
    • to be considered the foremost orator: oratorum principem esse
    • to be the chief man in the state: principem civitatis esse
    • to hold the first position in the state: principem in re publica locum obtinere
    • statesmen: principes rem publicam administrantes or simply principes
    • to occupy the first, second position in the state: principem (primum), secundum locum dignitatis obtinere
    • the aristocracy (as a leading class in government): principes or primores
  • princeps in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • princeps in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • princeps in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin