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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek πρωταγωνιστής (prōtagōnistḗs, a chief actor), from πρῶτος (prôtos, first) + ἀγωνιστής (agōnistḗs, a combatant, pleader, actor).

Surface analysis prot- (first) +‎ agonist (combatant, participant).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɹəˈtæ.ɡə.nɪst/
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɹoʊˈtæ.ɡə.nɪst/
  • (file)

NounEdit

protagonist (plural protagonists)

  1. (authorship) The main character, or one of the main characters, in any story, such as a literary work or drama.
    Antonym: antagonist
  2. A leading person in a contest; a principal performer.
  3. (proscribed) An advocate or champion of a cause or course of action.

Usage notesEdit

The use of protagonist to mean a proponent or supporter of a cause is a 20th century development that may have been influenced by the misunderstanding that the first syllable of the word is the prefix pro-, meaning favouring.[1] This usage is widely considered to be erroneous.[2][3]

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ protagonist” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Pinker, Steven (2014) The Sense of Style, New York, New York: Penguin, →ISBN
  3. ^ Feloni, Richard (30 November 2015), “The 58 Most Commonly Misused Words and Phrases”, in The Independent, Independent Print Limited

DanishEdit

NounEdit

protagonist c (singular definite protagonisten, plural indefinite protagonister)

  1. (literature) protagonist
    Synonym: hovedperson

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Ancient Greek πρωταγωνιστής (prōtagōnistḗs). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌproː.taː.ɣoːˈnɪst/
  • Hyphenation: pro‧ta‧go‧nist
  • Rhymes: -ɪst

NounEdit

protagonist m (plural protagonisten)

  1. protagonist, main character [from 18th c.]
    • 1780, M. C. Curtius, Aristoteles Verhandeling over de dichtkunst, tr. from German, publ. by Arend Fokke Simonsz., page 105.
      Hy voerde nog een perſoon in, en verdeelde het Treurſpel in twee rollen, van welke de eerste Acteur de hoofdrol ſpeelde en daarvan de Protagonist heette;
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonyms: hoofdpersonage, hoofdpersoon

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit