From Middle French pompon, from Latin pepō, from Ancient Greek πέπων (pépōn, “large melon”), from πέπων (pépōn, “ripe”), from πέπτω (péptō, “ripen”). Suffixed with the now obsolete -kin. Doublet of pepo.
The alternative theory that it may be from the Wôpanâak word pôhpukun (“grows forth round”) is false.
- enPR: pŭmpʹkin, IPA(key): /ˈpʌmpkɪn/
- Hyphenation: pump‧kin
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʌmpkɪn
pumpkin (plural pumpkins)
- A domesticated plant, in species Cucurbita pepo, similar in growth pattern, foliage, flower, and fruit to the squash or melon.
- The round yellow or orange fruit of this plant.
- 1904, L. Frank Baum, The Marvelous Land of Oz:
- There were pumpkins in Mombi’s corn-fields, lying golden red among the rows of green stalks; and these had been planted and carefully tended that the four-horned cow might eat of them in the winter time.
- (uncountable) The color of the fruit of the pumpkin plant.
- (Australia) Any of a number of cultivars from the genus Cucurbita; known in the US as winter squash.
- (US) A term of endearment for someone small and cute.
- 1991, John Prine, Pat McLaughlin (lyrics and music), “Daddy’s Little Pumpkin”, in The Missing Years (album):
- You must be daddy’s little pumpkin.
fruit of this plant
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