From Middle English punischen, from Anglo-Norman, Old French puniss-, stem of some of the conjugated forms of punir, from Latin puniō, punīre (“to inflict punishment upon”), from poena (“punishment, penalty”); see pain.
- To cause to suffer for crime or misconduct, to administer disciplinary action.
- To cause great harm to (a punishing blow).
- (to cause to suffer for crime or misconduct): castigate
- punisher noun
- punishment noun
- telish and telishment (through portmanteau with Ancient Greek τέλος (télos))
to cause to suffer for crime or misconduct
to cause great harm to
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- punish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- punish in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911