See also: purgé and пурге

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English purgen, from Old French purgier, from Latin pūrgō (I make pure, I cleanse), from pūrus (clean, pure) + agō (I make, I do).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

purge (plural purges)

  1. An act of purging.
  2. (medicine) An evacuation of the bowels or a vomiting.
  3. A cleansing of pipes.
  4. A forcible removal of people, for example, from political activity.
    Stalin liked to ensure that his purges were not reversible.
  5. That which purges; especially, a medicine that evacuates the intestines; a cathartic.
    • 1722, John Arbuthnot, Mr. Maitland’s account of inoculating the small-pox
      he prescribes a Purge or a Vomit


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

purge (third-person singular simple present purges, present participle purging, simple past and past participle purged)

  1. (transitive) To clean thoroughly; to cleanse; to rid of impurities.
  2. (transitive, religion) to free from sin, guilt, or the burden or responsibility of misdeeds
  3. (transitive) To remove by cleansing; to wash away.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, medicine) To void or evacuate (the bowels or the stomach); to defecate or vomit.
  5. (transitive, medicine) To cause someone to purge, operate on (somebody) as or with a cathartic or emetic, or in a similar manner.
    • 1979, Octavia Butler, Kindred:
      "What did they die of?" I asked.
      "Fevers. The doctor came and bled them and purged them, but they still died."
      "He bled and purged babies?"
      "They were two and three. He said it would break the fever. And it did. But they ... they died anyway."
  6. (transitive, of a person) To forcibly remove, e.g., from political activity.
    Deng Xiaoping was purged twice during the Cultural Revolution, but managed to return to power after Mao's death.
  7. (transitive, of an organization, by extension) To forcibly remove people from.
    Cromwell had Colonel Pride purge Parliament of royalists who opposed Charles I's execution.
  8. (transitive, law) to clear of a charge, suspicion, or imputation
  9. (transitive) To clarify; to clear the dregs from (liquor).
  10. (intransitive) To become pure, as by clarification.
  11. (intransitive) To have or produce frequent evacuations from the intestines, as by means of a cathartic.
  12. (transitive) To trim, dress, or prune.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

purge m (plural purges)

  1. purge

VerbEdit

purge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of purger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of purger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  5. second-person singular imperative of purger

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

VerbEdit

purge

  1. Alternative form of purgen

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

purge f (plural purges)

  1. (Jersey) purgative