See also: Ranta, ränta, and räntä

Finnish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *ranta, borrowed from either Proto-Balto-Slavic *kranta or Proto-Norse [script needed] (*stranða) (itself from Proto-Germanic *strandō). Related to Veps rand and Estonian rand. Compare Swedish strand (beach) and Lithuanian krantas (beach, shore).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑntɑ/, [ˈrɑ̝n̪t̪ɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑntɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ran‧ta

Noun

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ranta

  1. shore, strand, coast (the border of a body of water and land in general)
  2. beach (sandy shore)
    Mennään rannalle!
    Let's go to the beach!
  3. bank (shore of a river)
    oikea rantaright bank
    vasen rantaleft bank
    Esihistoriallisena aikana suomalais-ugrilaiset kansat asuttivat Volgan rantoja.
    In the prehistoric age the Finno-Ugric people inhabited the banks of the river Volga.

Declension

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Inflection of ranta (Kotus type 9*J/kala, nt-nn gradation)
nominative ranta rannat
genitive rannan rantojen
partitive rantaa rantoja
illative rantaan rantoihin
singular plural
nominative ranta rannat
accusative nom. ranta rannat
gen. rannan
genitive rannan rantojen
rantain rare
partitive rantaa rantoja
inessive rannassa rannoissa
elative rannasta rannoista
illative rantaan rantoihin
adessive rannalla rannoilla
ablative rannalta rannoilta
allative rannalle rannoille
essive rantana rantoina
translative rannaksi rannoiksi
abessive rannatta rannoitta
instructive rannoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ranta (Kotus type 9*J/kala, nt-nn gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rantani rantani
accusative nom. rantani rantani
gen. rantani
genitive rantani rantojeni
rantaini rare
partitive rantaani rantojani
inessive rannassani rannoissani
elative rannastani rannoistani
illative rantaani rantoihini
adessive rannallani rannoillani
ablative rannaltani rannoiltani
allative rannalleni rannoilleni
essive rantanani rantoinani
translative rannakseni rannoikseni
abessive rannattani rannoittani
instructive
comitative rantoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rantasi rantasi
accusative nom. rantasi rantasi
gen. rantasi
genitive rantasi rantojesi
rantaisi rare
partitive rantaasi rantojasi
inessive rannassasi rannoissasi
elative rannastasi rannoistasi
illative rantaasi rantoihisi
adessive rannallasi rannoillasi
ablative rannaltasi rannoiltasi
allative rannallesi rannoillesi
essive rantanasi rantoinasi
translative rannaksesi rannoiksesi
abessive rannattasi rannoittasi
instructive
comitative rantoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rantamme rantamme
accusative nom. rantamme rantamme
gen. rantamme
genitive rantamme rantojemme
rantaimme rare
partitive rantaamme rantojamme
inessive rannassamme rannoissamme
elative rannastamme rannoistamme
illative rantaamme rantoihimme
adessive rannallamme rannoillamme
ablative rannaltamme rannoiltamme
allative rannallemme rannoillemme
essive rantanamme rantoinamme
translative rannaksemme rannoiksemme
abessive rannattamme rannoittamme
instructive
comitative rantoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rantanne rantanne
accusative nom. rantanne rantanne
gen. rantanne
genitive rantanne rantojenne
rantainne rare
partitive rantaanne rantojanne
inessive rannassanne rannoissanne
elative rannastanne rannoistanne
illative rantaanne rantoihinne
adessive rannallanne rannoillanne
ablative rannaltanne rannoiltanne
allative rannallenne rannoillenne
essive rantananne rantoinanne
translative rannaksenne rannoiksenne
abessive rannattanne rannoittanne
instructive
comitative rantoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rantansa rantansa
accusative nom. rantansa rantansa
gen. rantansa
genitive rantansa rantojensa
rantainsa rare
partitive rantaansa rantojaan
rantojansa
inessive rannassaan
rannassansa
rannoissaan
rannoissansa
elative rannastaan
rannastansa
rannoistaan
rannoistansa
illative rantaansa rantoihinsa
adessive rannallaan
rannallansa
rannoillaan
rannoillansa
ablative rannaltaan
rannaltansa
rannoiltaan
rannoiltansa
allative rannalleen
rannallensa
rannoilleen
rannoillensa
essive rantanaan
rantanansa
rantoinaan
rantoinansa
translative rannakseen
rannaksensa
rannoikseen
rannoiksensa
abessive rannattaan
rannattansa
rannoittaan
rannoittansa
instructive
comitative rantoineen
rantoinensa

Derived terms

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adjectives
adverbs
nouns
proper nouns
verbs
compounds

Further reading

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Ingrian

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Ranta.

Etymology

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From Proto-Finnic *ranta. Cognates include Finnish ranta and Estonian rand.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ranta

  1. shore
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 25:
      Lapset jooksoot rantaa.
      Children are running towards the shore.
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Oli jo pimmiä, kons möö näimmä pioneeriin tulen joen rannalt.
      It was already dark, when we saw the pioneers' fire from the river's shore.

Declension

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Declension of ranta (type 3/kana, nt-nn gradation)
singular plural
nominative ranta rannat
genitive rannan rantoin
partitive rantaa rantoja
illative rantaa rantoi
inessive rannaas rannois
elative rannast rannoist
allative rannalle rannoille
adessive rannaal rannoil
ablative rannalt rannoilt
translative rannaks rannoiks
essive rantanna, rantaan rantoinna, rantoin
exessive1) rantant rantoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms

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References

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  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 464
  • Olga I. Konkova, Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 53